Management Essay

2432 words - 10 pages

Critical Review Essay

Sustainable and Systems Thinking (7920IBA)
Critical Review of “The Norm of Self-Interest”

Miller’s (2001) article “The Norm of Self-Interest” discusses that the average person is a self-interest
theorist, self-interest and behavior, self-interest and accounts of behavior, self-interest predict behavior
better than attitudes and Incentives having impact on charitable donations. This paper will discuss the
particular norm that pertains to beliefs about the extent to which attributes and behaviors of others are
dictated by self-interest. Miller (2001) argues that the theory of self-interest has causal power and how it
plays a role in its own ...view middle of the document...

Across, number of studies, Miller (2001) finds that individuals
provide more positive feedback to those who engage in charitable action because of personal connection
to the material self-interest than to those who are not able to identify such a connection.

Outline of the Article
A Norm of Self-Interest is defined and its prescriptions are discussed as well these discussion’s censure
satisfactions. A stricture satisfaction in relation to the self-interest norm and people’s actions is discussed.
Miller’s discussion focus in many different points of view of self-interest.
1. In relation to “The layperson as Self-Interest Theorist” he states that “If a scientific theory is to
exert power over people's behavior, its validity must be widely acknowledged ...” before other
things can happen or be done and that it “...certainly seems to be met in the case of the selfinterest assumption, for the belief in the power of self- interest, far from being confined to
theoreticians closeted in …” a realm where high brows take part in chases that are detached from
the real-world distresses of average life, “ is held, in some form or another, by people” in society
low and high divisions, but above and beyond all other consideration, the a person who holds no
titles. The people who make invaluable contributions to the overall effects’ beliefs in the SelfInterest Motive are originated by instructions and experiences. The importance of the nature of
the human state, the source of human achievements, and collective representations that specify
both descriptive and prescriptive principles. Miller beliefs these representations help to mandate
symbolize and interpret social relationships, and the broadcasting of these representations takes
both direct and indirect paths. He also discuss one’s knowledge and states this knowledge does
not overthrow one’s Self-Interest propaganda and that Self-interest discussions may be universal

Mo Zamal (s5008080)

Critical Review Essay

Sustainable and Systems Thinking (7920IBA)

contemporaneously, but social science studies suggests that this will not be the meaning of daily
socialization (Miller, 2001).
2. The Norm of Self-Interest and Behavior influences people to publicly display their behavior of
materialistic interest in optimum way, it may not be valued that much privately. There two forms of
this norm; one is descriptive belief (literally self-interested) and a prescriptive belief (to be seen as
self-interested). Descriptive belief/power has two reasons, one is individuals self-interest is based
on fear of being exploited if they don’t and the other reason is fear of waste of time and effort if
not recognized by peers. The reason for Prescriptive belief/power is the fear deviating from intent
and potentially provoking dismay hence being prone to economic exploitation (Miller, 2001).

3. The Norm of Self-Interest and Accounts for Behavior influences beyond individuals’ actions and

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