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Managament Leadership Essay

2604 words - 11 pages

MANAGAMENT LEADERSHIPOMAR ALALI16/8/2004[Compare and contrast two theories of management]IntroductionDuring the last few years, leadership has emerged as an important subject all over the world. This in fact is not just because of the substance of leadership in life, but also because leadership is a very complex process. Therefore, there are many theories which aim to recognize and analyse the concept of leadership. However, the great majority of these theories have both advantageous and disadvantages. As Stogdill, M (1973) said: 'There are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept' (p.7).Now, what is the best or the perfect ...view middle of the document...

This is one of the best concepts of leadership. However, the only comment is that leadership play a great role not just to get work done, but also in order to achieve the organization goals as well as planning for the future and encouraging the employees to innovate. Third, in 1948 Omar, N defined leadership as, "...the art of influencing human behaviour through ability to directly influence people and direct them toward a specific goal". In fact, I extremely like this definition because it is very clear and it describes the elements of leadership by linking them together explicitly.Now, from this definition we can remark that the process of leadership consists of four main factors; firstly, followers. This is the first element of leadership which is a group of people working or living in specific place. Secondly, leader. This is the most important component in the process of leadership, and in a few words means a person from the group has the ability to lead them. Thirdly, relationship. The process of leadership needs a strong communication between the leader and his subordinates. The fourth factor is specific goals. This means there are specific targets which the group working to achieve them.In spite of the last attempted to recognize and define the concept of leadership, there are numbers of theories and researches which aim to divide and analyse the styles of leadership. For example, the situational theory of leadership by Hersey, P and Blanchard, K (1982), the participatory theory of leadership by Vroom, V and Yetton, P (1973), theories X and Y by McGregor, D (1960) and the path-goal theory of leadership by House, R (1971). In addition, the analysis of leadership show that there are many styles of leadership, for instance, the coercive, the authoritative, the affiliative, the democratic, the pacesetting and the coaching (1). In practice, a large majority of these styles have both strengths and weaknesses simultaneously. As a matter of fact, two different styles will be compared in this short essay, the autocratic style and the democratic style.The autocratic style vs. the democratic styleIn the first place, there are two terms we should be familiars. First, autocratic. According to Longman Dictionary (2003), autocratic means, someone who makes decisions and gives orders to people without asking them for their opinion. Second, democratic. According to the same resource, the term of democratic means, organized according to the principle that everyone has a right to be involved in making decisions. It is clear from the definition that the two styles are extremely deferent; nonetheless, they have some things in common with each other.First of all, despite the consideration above that the two styles are considerably dissimilar; they are both successful and effective. Second, the autocratic leader can be compared with the democratic leader in that they have the same target which is the benefit of their organization. Yes, in spite of the fact...


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