Mahjong Instruction Essay

1282 words - 6 pages

Get to know the tiles

Get to know the wall
The game is played by four people who sit on each side of a square table. Each player takes 34 pieces of tiles and arranged them in 17 stacks of two, which are to be pushed forward to form a square like a city wall.























Flowers and Seasons

Let’s start Opening gate
At the beginning of the game the chief/ dealer is decided by throwing the cice once more. The chief / dealer is always considered as East. The total number of the sopots on both dice dtermines on wich side ...view middle of the document...

The disadvantage of doing this is that the player must now expose the completed meld to the other players on table, giving them a clue of what type of hand he or she may create.

Points on dices 3, 7, 11 2, 6, 10 4, 8, 12 5, 9

opening side West South North East

Flower or season



Melding another player’s discard





Chief West East

Chief If the total number of spots on both dice is 5 or 9 it is for Chief to throw again.

Pong Examples of completing hand
坎 坎 坎 坎
duì zi

on table in hand You can form a 坎(kǎn) with any tile (except flowers and seasons) by pong - the action that taking discarded tile or drawing from your wall. When you steal discarded one, utter “碰 (pèng)” at the same time and display the three identical tiles on the table. In this case, you need another 5 circle tile to form a 坎 (kǎn). So when one of players discards this tile, you can pong it!




This hand formed with four sets of same-tile-combination 坎(kǎn) and one pair of East wind. Only bamboo is used (no other suit simples) this is clean hand. What’s more no 順子(shùn zi) are used in this case, so that extra points can be scored.

shùn zi


shùn zi


shùn zi


shùn zi


duì zi


on table in hand After you ponged, you must discard a tile that you don’t need to keep the tiles in your hand is 13.

This hand formed using only circles (pure hand of only one suit worth extra points). Hand is made of 順子(shùn zi), 坎(kǎn) and 對子(duì zi).

Examples of scores
When you form a 坎(kǎn) by drawing from your wall :

3 one Circle 3 three Bamboos Pair Red Dragon For Winning Hand

on table
4 2 2 10 18 points

in hand
8 4 2 10 24 points


You can display what you pong on table, facing upward. If so you can’t change this meld unless for updating into kong by drawing the tile from your wall. Or you can keep them in hand as a hidden pong so that they are flexible to be reassembled or form into a kong by stealing others discarded tile.

順 子(shùn zi)
on table in hand...

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