Mahatma Ghandi Essay

1084 words - 5 pages

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the spiritual and non – Violent Political Leader.  His father’s name was   Karamchand Gandhi; his mother’s name was Putlibai.   His wife was called kasturbai Makhanji, gandhiji and kasturiba had four children.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi better known as Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in porbandar, Gujarat. At the age of 19 years he went to London to study law and returned to India in 1891 to practice law. He couldn't find work that would give better life for him and his family, later he travelled to South Africa for his practice.

Gandhi moved South Africa in 1893, at the time the British ruled South Africa. There he was thrown off a train ...view middle of the document...

This last essay can be considered his program on economics. Gandhi had also written greatly on diet and health, vegetarianism, social reforms, religion etc.  He usually used to write in Gujarati, though he also revised the English and Hindi translations of his books. Gandhi later recorded the early years of his life in his extraordinary autobiography, The Story of My Experimentswith Truth. His father died before Gandhi could finish his schooling, and at thirteen he was married to Kasturba [or Kasturbai], who was of the same age as Mohandas himself . In 1888 Gandhi set sail for England, where he had decided to pursue a degree in law. Though his elders objected, Gandhi could not be prevented from leaving; and it is said that his mother, a devout woman, made him promise that he would keep away from wine, women, and meat during his stay abroad. Gandhi left behind his son Harilal, then a few months old. In London, Gandhi encountered theosophists, vegetarians, and others who were disenchanted not only with industrialism, but with the legacy of Enlightenment thought. They themselves represented the fringe elements of English society. Gandhi was powerfully attracted to them, as he was to the texts of the major religious traditions; and ironically it is in London that he was introduced to the Bhagavad Gita. Here, too, Gandhi showed determination and single-minded pursuit of his purpose, and accomplished his objective of finishing his degree from the Inner Temple. He was called to the bar in 1891, and even enrolled in the High Court of London; but later that year he left for India.
The son of a senior government official, Gandhi was born and raised in a Hindu Bania community in coastal Gujarat, and trained in law in London. Gandhi became famous by fighting for the civil rights of Muslim and Hindu Indians in South Africa, using new techniques of non-violent civil disobedience that he developed. Returning to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants to protest excessive land-taxes. A lifelong opponent of "communalism" (i.e. basing politics on religion) he reached out widely to all religious groups. He became a leader of Muslims protesting the declining status of the Caliphate. Assuming...

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