Mahatma Gandhi Essay

1558 words - 7 pages

Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), Indian nationalist leader, who established his country's freedom through a nonviolent revolution.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Porbandar in the present state of Gujarāt on October 2, 1869, and educated in law at University College, London. In 1891, after having been admitted to the British bar, Gandhi returned to India and attempted to establish a law practice in Bombay (now Mumbai), with little success. Two years later an Indian firm with interests in South Africa retained him as legal adviser in its office in Durban. Arriving in Durban, Gandhi found himself treated as a member of an inferior race. He was appalled at the ...view middle of the document...

His work in South Africa complete, he returned to India.

Gandhi became a leader in a complex struggle, the Indian campaign for home rule. Following World War I, in which he played an active part in recruiting campaigns, Gandhi, again advocating Satyagraha, launched his movement of passive resistance to Britain. When, in 1919, Parliament passed the Rowlatt Acts, giving the Indian colonial authorities emergency powers to deal with so-called revolutionary activities, Satyagraha spread through India, gaining millions of followers. A demonstration against the Rowlatt Acts resulted in a massacre of Indians at Amritsar by British soldiers (see Amritsar Massacre); in 1920, when the British government failed to make amends, Gandhi proclaimed an organized campaign of noncooperation. Indians in public office resigned, government agencies such as courts of law were boycotted, and Indian children were withdrawn from government schools. Through India, streets were blocked by squatting Indians who refused to rise even when beaten by police. Gandhi was arrested, but the British were soon forced to release him.

Economic independence for India, involving the complete boycott of British goods, was made a corollary of Gandhi's swaraj (Sanskrit, “self-ruling”) movement. The economic aspects of the movement were significant, for the exploitation of Indian villagers by British industrialists had resulted in extreme poverty in the country and the virtual destruction of Indian home industries. As a remedy for such poverty, Gandhi advocated revival of cottage industries; he began to use a spinning wheel as a token of the return to the simple village life he preached, and of the renewal of native Indian industries.

Gandhi became the international symbol of a free India. He lived a spiritual and ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and meditation. His union with his wife became, as he himself stated, that of brother and sister. Refusing earthly possessions, he wore the loincloth and shawl of the lowliest Indian and subsisted on vegetables, fruit juices, and goat's milk. Indians revered him as a saint and began to call him Mahatma (Sanskrit, “great soul”), a title reserved for the greatest sages. Gandhi's advocacy of nonviolence, known as ahimsa (Sanskrit, “noninjury”), was the expression of a way of life implicit in the Hindu religion. By the Indian practice of nonviolence, Gandhi held, Britain too would eventually consider violence useless and would leave India.

The Mahatma's political and spiritual hold on India was so great that the British authorities dared not interfere with him. In 1921 the Indian National Congress, the group that spearheaded the movement for nationhood, gave Gandhi complete executive authority, with the right of naming his own successor. The Indian population, however, could not fully comprehend the unworldly ahimsa. A series of armed revolts against Britain broke out, culminating in such violence that Gandhi confessed the failure of the...

Other Papers Like Mahatma Gandhi

Satyagraha Essay

2095 words - 9 pages look at how these principles and teachings of a simple Indian lawyer, a peace loving bodhisattva, led a small group of Muslims and Hindus to join together in order to win India’s independence from England. What happened after that is clearly another paper. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, in Porbandar, which is in what is now known as the state of Gujarat in North India. (Mahatma Gandhi- A Biography, 2010). In his own words he

Education Essay

2434 words - 10 pages country ahead. This campaign was th officially launched by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 145 birth anniversary of the Mahatma nd Gandhi on 2 of October in 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 2 (150 words) Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a Swachh Bharat mission led by the government of India to make India a th clean India. This campaign was launched officially by the government of India on 145 birthday nd anniversary of

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

1307 words - 6 pages only our own happiness, but that of the world at large.” Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Porbandar in the present state of Gujarat on October 2, 1869, and educated in law at University College, London. In 1891, after having been admitted to the British bar, Gandhi returned to India and attempted to establish a law practice in Bombay (now Mumbai), with little success. Two years later an Indian firm with interests in South

Justify Two Significant Social and/or Political Changes That Occurred as a Result of the Actions of One World Leader

1312 words - 6 pages legally practices segregation. Summary Both Gandhi and King “died a violent death at the hands of their assassins” (Sohail, 2005, p. 20). They stood true to their beliefs at any cost. These amazing leaders put others’ freedom and dignity first which led to many social and political changes for the United States and the entire world. References Lal, Vinay. (2012). Mahatma Gandhi. Retrieved from

Leaders of Change

1270 words - 6 pages , collecting signatures for petitions and lobbying state legislature. Anthony’s passion and dedication made for significant change for the lives of women in the United States paving the way for the right to vote and equal civil rights for all. Reference List: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. (2014). The website. Retrieved from:, Staff. (2010). Mohandas Gandhi. The

India's Constitution

3015 words - 13 pages and political leaders of the 1900's. He acquired the name Mahatma, which means "soul force”. He helped free the Indian people through nonviolent resistance, also given the name satyagraha, instead of the violent warfare that was being used by Britain. Gandhi also promoted social and economic reforms. He is still honored by his people today, as the father of the Indian nation. Life in India during the time of Gandhi was not very pleasant for

Nonviolence and Social Change

591 words - 3 pages translates into “Soul Force”, “truth force”, or “holding on to truth” Ahimsa- the avoidance of violence * An important tenet (law) of Indian religions such as: Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism Barrister- a member of one of the two classes of lawyer found in many common law jurisdictions with split legal professions. * Specialize in courtroom advocacy, drafting legal pleadings and giving expert legal opinions. Mahatma Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi was

Gandhian Values

1164 words - 5 pages war, at last in 1945, the United Nations Organisation made declaration according to the thoughts of Gandhi. That was, 'war is no solution to any problem so all problems should be solved through mutual discussions'. All the members of the UNO signed this peace proposal. President of United States, Obama, has been inspired by Mahatma Gandhi. Obama has fixed a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in his office, where he is seen conveying the message of

Sardar Patel

528 words - 3 pages participating in the famous Salt Satyagraha called by Mahatma Gandhi. His inspiring speeches during the "Salt Movement" transformed the lives of numerous people, who later played a major role in making the movement successful. Sardar Patel was freed in 1931 following an agreement signed between Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin, the then Viceroy of India. The treaty was popularly known as the Gandhi-Irwin pact. The same year, Patel was elected as

Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolent Resistance

776 words - 4 pages supporters were nonviolent in their protests, similar to the nonviolent approach Mahatma Gandhi took when there was oppression in India in 1930. In March of 1930, Mahatma Gandhi led the Indian people on a satyagraha. This word has connotations of a “force contained in truth and love,” and it essentially means a nonviolent resistance (Erickson 23). The Salt March, in which Gandhi and his followers walked two hundred miles to the coast of India

British India and Ghandi

1753 words - 8 pages historians think that the majority of Indians would have remained poor even if they had been ruled by Indians. The impact and influence of British rule in India The background of Mahatma Ghandi Mahatma Gandhi became one of the pivotal figures, if not the main figure, in India's history in the Twentieth Century. Gandhi shaped India's history up to its independence in 1947. Gandhi was born in Porbander in western India in 1869. In 1888, he

Related Essays

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

2407 words - 10 pages Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced ['mo???nd?a?s 'k?r?mt??nd? 'ga?nd??i] ( listen); 2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable"[2])-applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,[3

The Legacy Of Mahatma Gandhi Essay

869 words - 4 pages The period from 1920 to 1947 had been described as the Gandhian Era in Indian Politics. During the period, Gandhi spoke the final word on behalf of the Indian National Congress in negotiating with the British Government for constitutional reforms, and for chalking out a programme for the national movement. Mahatma Gandhi led the national freedom struggle against the British rule. The most unique thing about this struggle was that it was

Mahatma Ghandi Essay

1084 words - 5 pages Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the spiritual and non – Violent Political Leader.  His father’s name was   Karamchand Gandhi; his mother’s name was Putlibai.   His wife was called kasturbai Makhanji, gandhiji and kasturiba had four children. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi better known as Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in porbandar, Gujarat. At the age of 19 years he went to London to study law and returned to India in 1891 to practice

Gandhi As An Anarchist Essay

921 words - 4 pages  place of coherence.  Thus, Gandhi’s concept of ideal State was based on nonviolence and truth. Spiritualized  democracy, emphasis on duties, considering State as a means to an id etc. were some of the  factors which made Gandhi’s ideal State distinct.    Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most prominent pupils of Bal Gangadhar Tilak who encouraged  the issue of Swaraj to higher level. Mahatma Gandhi called for a stateless society because he