February 16, 2015
What are systems in the social environment? Systems are a set of elements that are interrelated to make a functioning whole. Systems larger than a small group denotes a macro system which involves focusing on the social, political, and economic policies and conditions that affect people’s overall access to resources and quality of life. Macro practice in social work, then, consists of striving to improve the social and economic circumstance in which people live (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2010).
Empowerment is a process used to assist individuals, families, groups and communities to use their ...view middle of the document...
Mezzo level includes an intermediary system like neighborhoods, institutions and smaller groups. It necessitates bringing people together who aren't as intimate as family members, but benefit mutually from this social network. It deals with small to medium sized groups such as neighborhoods and schools like institutional and culture changes, managing social work organization, group therapies, self -help groups, neighborhood community associations. Macro level system is a large scale system that affects communities and systems. People’s involvement at macro level may involve creating policy changes, planning, and implementation of social programs. Macro social work addresses issues involved in mezzo and micro systems.
There are four types of child maltreatment: physical, emotional, sexual and child neglect. These acts are committed by a variety of people such as a parent, care giver, or sibling and harming a child's development is the end result. Child abuse may seem more prevalent in poor families because these parents have low intelligence, insecurity issues, low self-esteem, and low-maturity. Anyone with knowledge on the abuse of a child or knows first-hand of child abuse there are ways to ensure a child’s safety through macro systems to protect the children. There are several methods for protecting these children like contacting their school or youth services, allowing the child to have time spent away from the parent or abuser, contacting a local prevention hotline or help national child abuse hotline, RAIN (Rape, Abuse, Incest, National Network), or bring the child to the local NGO’s.
Responses related to macro systems are divided into three risks: mild, moderate, or severe. Suggested responses in a mild case are early intervention, family support, formal/informal services, parent education, and housing assistance. Suggested responses in a moderate case are appropriate formal services, coordinated family support, safety plans, and community support services. In severe cases the suggested responses are intensive family preservation or reunification services, child removal, court-ordered services, foster care, adoption, and criminal prosecution. In general, both functionalism theory to poverty explains why social stratification (rankings of people based on wealth and social values); exists and endures. Interactionist theory on the other hand symbolizes the differences this stratification produces for interactions.
According to Crossman, the functionalist perspective can be traced back to Emile Durkheim and Talcott Parsons and has its roots in anthropology. This perspective focuses on social systems as a whole, how they operate, how they change, and the social consequences they produce. In trying to explain an aspect of a social system, functionalism asks several basic questions:
* How is...