Macro Economy Enviorment
of South Afrcia
Ⅰ. General Situation of South Afrcia
Republic of South Africa is located in the southernmost tip of the African continent, east, west, south three sides surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic, land with Mozambique, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and adjacent to, Lesotho, surrounded by his middle. South Africa is the only advanced capitalist industrial countries, industrial production and mining output accounted for 75% of the gross national product more than light and heavy industry and farming, animal husbandry, fisheries, transport and so is relatively developed, in many sectors, not only in Africa, , but are more prominent in ...view middle of the document...
A number of mineral reserves and production in the world, occupies a very important position. South Africa's modern mining industry began in 1852, to 129 years in 1980, a total of 54 species of mining ore output reached 1,220 billion U.S. dollars, of which gold accounted for 63% of gold production since 1898 has been among the first in the world bit. Although inferior to diamond production in Zaire and the Soviet Union, but large proportion of stones (35%), the output value to the highest in the world. Mining has become an important pillar of the South African economy in 1980 accounted for 13% of the gross national product; other production sectors are also a large part of the mining industry services, such as mining and metallurgy industry, electric power consumption, two-thirds of the country; 90% of the country mineral products for export, which provides more than half of total exports, and many products are a strategic resource, essential to Western countries.
South Africa is Africa's most developed country in the processing industry and its output accounts for about a quarter of all continents. The output value of more than 1941 mining industry, it has been for the country's most important economic sector in 1980 provided 29% of gross national product. Machinery, food is two old departments; In recent years, iron and steel, chemicals and other basic industries developed rapidly. As South Africa is greatly expanded its armaments, military production has its own system and in the southern hemisphere's biggest arms producer. South Africa's mining and industrial mainly concentrated in the northern Orange Free State and Telanshiwa provinces.
South Africa's agriculture is also more developed, the scale of production second only to Nigeria and Egypt, ranking third in Africa. The agricultural population accounts for about 60% of the country, agricultural production value is 10% of gross national product. Agricultural population of less than 10% white, but they occupy 83% of the country's arable land and 86% of the grassland pastures. Animal husbandry in the past has been its main sectors of agriculture, the industry developed rapidly in recent decades, farming, animal husbandry output value rose from 73% in 1918 to the current 40%. Major agricultural products are corn, sorghum, wheat, sugar cane, grapes, fruit and wool, corn, fruit, wool as an important export. Agricultural production, mostly concentrated in the central and coastal areas. South Africa is the world's fisheries, one of the most developed countries, its fish production second only to Peru, ranking second in the world.
South Africa is also Africa's most developed country in the transport industry, more than 23,000 kilometers of existing railway and road more than 230 thousand kilometers, ranking the first in African countries; and have a more well-developed air transport and sea transport.
According to revised data released by Statistics South Africa, South Africa in the third...