Machiavelli, Luther, Loyola: Three Names within an Era of Reformation
Niccolo Machiavelli, Martin Luther, and Ignatius of Loyola were three contemporaries of the early sixteenth century, all of which had recognized a theological-political crisis in their age. In 1546 Catholicism was under siege by a new and troublesome adversary葉he Reformation. In one fell swoop, the Christian World was cleft in twain. Ignatius and Martin Luther had both been active in the Protestant Reformation, while Martin Luther had been a driving force for the Protestant Reformation, Ignatius on the other hand was the founder of the Illuminati and Jesuit Order which led the ...view middle of the document...
In 1520, Leo X brushed Luther off with a condemnation of heresy, thinking that it would put the errant priest and his movement in its place. Even Niccolo Machiavelli, one of the pope's advisors did not take Martin Luther's cult seriously. Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was a founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. Machiavelli's best-known book, The Prince, contains several maxims concerning politicals, but instead of the more traditional subject of a hereditary prince, it concentrates on the possibility of a 渡ew prince.�? In order for this prince to retain power, they must carefully balance the interests of a variety of sociopoloitical institutions to which the people are accustomed. 典he Prince�?is thought to be based on the life of Cesare Borgia, whom Machiavelli served as an adviser. This book was later banned by the Catholic Church, humanists had also viewed the book negatively. As a treatise, its primary intellectual contribution to the history of political thought is the fundamental break between political realism and political idealism, becauseThe Prince is a manual to acquiring and keeping political power. In contrast with Plato and Aristotle, Machiavelli insisted that an imaginary ideal society is not a model by which a prince should orient himself.
Writing seems to not be the only ways Machiavelli and Luther had been recognized, as each of them had their most prominent pieces looked at negatively, in Luther's case he was ignored as it did not seem to be a major threat. In Machiavelli's case it led to being called off as a satire, and viewed poorly. This may have been because Machiavelli's piece although written as advice for a monarchical prince, contains arguments for the superiority of republican regimes, similar to those found in the Discourses, which was one of his more republican exhortations.
Similar to that of Martin Luther, Ignatius had also studied theology in the University of Alcala and then in Paris. He had arrived in Paris in 1534, during a period of anti-Protestant turmoil which forced...