M1. Use two sociological perspectives to explain different concepts of health.
In this assignment I am going to explain the different concepts of health and what effects individuals health by using two sociological perspectives. The two sociological perspectives that I am going to explain are Marxism and feminism.
Marxism was known as a conflict model, as it is a structuralise model. It was first developed by Karl Marx (1818-83). Karl Marx also thought that individual behaviour was shaped by society but he believed that it was the economic system that defined society and peoples place within it. Marx held the view that in the industrial society of his time there were two ...view middle of the document...
The Marxist believes that the “definition of health and illness, and the health and care services provided; serve the interests of the most powerful dominant classes”. This suggests that according to Stretch and White house that the “powerful, dominant” is referred to as the people who are in the higher class and that their views are being looked into. The Marxist sociological perspectives to health care are: They use doctors as agents to send the ill people back to work. The reason why the Marxist use doctors so to send people back to work is that when the doctors check to see if people who state that are ill to stay off work are really ill. Government allows people that cause ill health e.g.: tobacco, alcohol, junk food. As the government puts VAT on these items and therefore making money out of things that are dangerous to individuals. Poor people have lower diets than the more wealthy people. This is because poor people do not have enough money to buy to buy organic food which is good for them. They buy cheaper unhealthy food that is not good for their health, the unhealthy food are the things which they could afford. They also believe that illness is related to differences in social classes.
Feminism is normally seen as an example of a conflict model within which three main approaches can be identified:
* Marxist feminism
* Radical feminism
* Liberal feminism
Feminists have argued that sociology as an academic discipline was developed and dominated by men. Hence the term “male stream” sociology was introduced. Pamela Abbot and Claire Wallace (1997) clearly summarised the concerns and criticisms of mainstream or main stream sociology from a feminist point of view. They argue that this male dominance has produced...