AS ENGLISH 91479: Develop an informed understanding of literature and/or using critical lens.
Literature/text: Lord of the Flies
Critical lens: Freudian psychoanalytical criticism
Take away parents and society and you are left with mere children, who have the instinct to only pleasure oneself. This is what Sigmund Freud theorizes in his psychoanalysis. Lord-of-the-Flies by William Golding is a novel that uses Freud’s work. The Lord-of-the-Flies is a novel that depicts a microcosm of society. A plane-full of boys are stranded on a desert island, away from civilisation. Freud’s theory is that if you eliminate rules, “children are completely egoistic” – they only care about themselves. ...view middle of the document...
”3 Looking into this, the savage instincts of the boys, the id has taken over the psyche because civilisation has been removed. This reveals Freud’s theory, that when all society man has been removed, one will act according to the pleasure principle.1 More importantly, one will act according to feeding their impulses and will always “strive ruthlessly to satisfy them.”4
The second part is the ego. This “maintains a balance between our id and our super-ego.”1 Ralph is used to represent the ego in human beings. Freud’s theory on the ego is that it is “based on the reality principle.”1 Ralph is viewed as the understanding one of the island and is reality-driven. He understands they are isolated and surviving and being rescued are the key focus: "The most important thing on the island is the smoke and you can't have no smoke without a fire." (129)2 Here, he wants to be rescued and building a fire will aid this. Ralph believes that having a society is what is best for the group. He creates a community and builds huts to keep everyone safe. Freud’s theory is very evident here: that with the ego, the person is realistic and does what is best for society, which is the superego. Ralph wants them to be rescued but he is considering their safety in the meantime. However, Golding also looks into Freud’s theory of giving into the id, the instincts: "Ralph to was fighting to get near… The desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering. (115).2 Here, Ralph listens to his savage instincts, and overrides his superego, his morality. Here, Golding perfectly shows Freud’s theory of balancing between and perfectly uses Ralph to show how the ego chooses between the id and the super-ego.
Finally, the last part of the personality is the super-ego. Simon perfectly represents the super-ego. This is the conscience, our morals due to the parental guidance.1 Simon is a good boy and throughout the entire novel he never gives into his instincts, he always...