Rousseau and Golding, Two different men, from two different time periods, with two very different beliefs. Golding believed that everyone was born evil, and to keep people civilized, we need government and laws. Golding shows his beliefs through his book, The lord of the flies. Rousseau, on the other hand, believed that people were born good, and the only thing that corrupted children, was our societies social standards.
Rousseau was a Swiss philosopher in the 18th century. He was also a writer and a composer. Rousseau was known for his philosophical views about human nature and how humans were born “good”. He believed that people acted out and became uncivilized because of the unattainable standards of society, and the government's harsh laws, and if the world did not have government or school system, people would not become corrupt. Rousseau believed that people in their natural state were genuinely born pure, and the ...view middle of the document...
They did not believe in hurting one another or putting each other in danger. But as the book goes on, the boys become more and more savage, hurting and killing one another.
"Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Do him in!"
The sticks fell and the mouth of the new circle crunched and screamed. The beast was on its knees in the center, its arms folded over its face. It was crying out against the abominable noise something about a body on the hill. The beast struggled forward, broke the ring and fell over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the water. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws.
- (Chapter 9, page 152-153, paragraph 8)
Towards the end of the book, Simon, the most civilized of the group gets a vision saying that he is going to die. Simon continues to go through the jungle towards castle rock, Jacks tribe then mistakes him for the beast, and murders him. Golding shows his beliefs by making the boys more corrupt the longer they stay on the island. The boys inner devils are exposed causing the island to go into havoc. Golding idea of human nature is evident all throughout the book, how people will become what they were born to be when they are not near the civilized people.
I do not agree with either of these men, though they both have very valid points, I, on the other hand, believe that we are all born human. We are born neither good nor bad. We are born ourselves, and whether or not we are evil, is depended on who we are surrounded by or how we are raised. We are all taught different things on survival. People are born into different societies and social statuses, and we can not help that, but we decide how we are going to be, whether or not we are evil is up to us. No one else can control you, or how you decide to go about your life.
The Lord Of The Flies is evidence of Golding views of human nature and how all humans were born evil , and though Rousseau would have disagreed. The book is a classic representation of human nature and how when we are put in certain situations, we may turn evil.