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London Development Agency Essay

1035 words - 5 pages



Attraverso questo lavoro il mio intento è di analizzare l’articolo di Carlo Donolo: “Dalle politiche pubbliche alle pratiche sociali nella produzione dei beni pubblici. Osservazione su una nuova generazione di policies.”
Nel contesto storico degli ultimi cinquant’anni, la nascita delle istituzioni europee, la crisi dello stato, lo stato regolatore e la globalizzazione fanno in modo che nasca un policy change, un cambiamento nel modo di fare politiche pubbliche tramite delle categorie guida come i mercati, le imprese e i diritti di proprietà.
Le politiche cambiano e nell’ articolo esaminato la prima ...view middle of the document...

Quindi secondo l’autore esistono due nuovi tipi puri, due idealtipi, per dirla alla Weber, di fare politica:
1. Politiche deliberative
2. Politiche negoziali o a contratto.

Nelle forme deliberative vengono prodotti beni relazionali e forme cognitive, siamo più a contatto con la società e quindi vengono prodotti servizi sociali con qualità che altrimenti non sarebbero ottenibili. Sono beni e servizi più ampi, ma anche più fragili, perché la società essendo proprio più ampia è anche più difficile da analizzare ma è ciò che permette di incidere sul piano qualitativo rispetto al piano quantitativo che è destinato al contratto.
In questo contesto operano lo Stato e gli attori civili, la parola chiave per capirlo è partecipazione.
Nel secondo tipo di politica (a contratto) operano istituzioni e attori di mercato, e lo scopo è di valorizzare appunto sul mercato beni comuni.
Donolo parla di politiche che mettono insieme l’ interesse pubblico con l’interesse privato di soggetti che sono sul mercato, quindi la parola chiave è partnership. Il problema nella partnership è che questo rapporto necessita che contesti regolativi, norme costringano attraverso vincoli da fare mediazione virtuosa tra i soggetti.
Cosi in questo tipo di politiche non è tanto importante il contratto in se stesso quanto il contesto normativo; Le partnership infatti, se non sono regolate, non riusciranno a produrre beni pubblici soddisfacenti, perché i privati faranno esclusivamente l’interesse personale.
Seguendo questo filo logico si viene ad introdurre un concetto molto importante: il contratto (e il suo contesto normativo) porrà dei vincoli e delle opportunità nello scambio.
Quindi, possiamo elencare i concetti portanti, le opportunità e le criticità delle due politiche con uno schema molto semplice:
Il mercato Società civile
La contrattualizzazione Deliberalizzazione
La quantità Beni relazionali e cognitivi
Merci e non beni pubblici Accento sulla qualità
Evitare sprechi Sussidiarietà
Cooperazione Efficacia ed efficienza

Le criticità del modello...

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