This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Logical Fallacies: Summary And Application Essay

1023 words - 5 pages

Logical fallacies can be employed several ways. Politicians engage in sophisticated campaigns engaging in verbal banter. Many variations of logical fallacies can be identified during political campaigns, because people are expecting to be verbally seduced in this manner. To recognize the use of fallacies requires critical thinking skills to sort out the facts, followed by making a decision based on those facts. Recognition of a logical fallacy may create an opportunity for change, once the fallacy has been exposed. Conversely, the fallacy may be entrenched and indicative of a belief system that is unable to be overcome or changed. The following examples will illustrate the use of four ...view middle of the document...

Their training program must be efficient, effective, and highly-regarded."(Pope & Vasquez, 1998)Falling for this fallacy can reinforce stigmas surrounding mental illness. Carefully considering each individual client, apart from their diagnosis, helps maintain ethical treatment.Furthermore, the client can obtain self-sufficiency when encouraged to view themselves separate from their disorder.Affirming the ConsequenceThis fallacy receives a plentiful airing in our law courts, since it is the basis of circumstantial evidence. Where we have no eyewitness evidence, we work back from what is known to those actions which might have caused it. Judges and juries are tasked with sifting through this fallacy and applying both critical thinking skills and decision making. Attorneys may employ this fallacy to show this innocence of a guilty client successfully, unless the fallacy is recognized (Pirie, 1995).Another example of this fallacy is:If Stephen King wrote the Bible, then Stephen King is a good writer. Stephen King is a good writer. Therefore, Stephen King wrote the Bible. The previous argument was obviously incorrect (Wikipedia, 2005). When arguing the application of this fallacy might appear as follows:All humans are mortal. Socrates is human. Therfore, Socrates is mortal. On the surface this may appear harmless. Assuming these types of fallacies, however, can be harmful(Wikipedia, 2005). The recent events surrounding hurricane Katrina and statement refferencing ethnicity in regard to resucue efforts are excellent examples of this fallacy.Straw Man FallacyStraw Man occurs when an opponent takes the original argument of his/her adversary and then offers a close imitation, or straw man, version of the original argument and thereby gives the appearance of having successfully countered or overcome the original argument (Drury Education, 2005). The following is a simple example of this...

Other Papers Like Logical Fallacies: Summary And Application

Critical Thinking Essay

3352 words - 14 pages Materials Ruggiero, V. R. (2012). The art of thinking: A guide to critical and creative thought (10th ed.). New York, NY: Longman. Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2008). The thinker’s guide for conscientious citizens on how to detect media bias & propaganda in national and world news. Dillon Beach, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking. Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2008). The thinker’s guide to fallacies: The art of mental trickery and manipulation. Dillon

A Critique Of “The Common App Fallacy” By Damon Beres

976 words - 4 pages relies on two “claims” and two writing flaws to educate his reader. His two claims are: 1) American colleges are universally difficult to get into, and 2) That students’ spamming of college applications is actually encouraged by the College Board. While his claims are not terrible by themselves, his two flaws of: 1) Indulging in the logical fallacies of oversimplification, he has constructed a sound enough argument to carry his premises upon

Philiopshy

594 words - 3 pages argumentation, and cannot be emphasized enough. We'll study the types of support you can use to substantiate your thesis, and look at some of the common logical fallacies, in order to avoid them in your writing. [pic]Ethos, Pathos, and Logos. Ethos (Greek for 'character') refers to the trustworthiness or credibility of the writer or speaker. Ethos is often conveyed through tone and style of the message and through the way the writer or speaker refers

Philosophical Terms and Its Definitions

1512 words - 7 pages general to the specifics. * Logical entailment- by virtue of a relation of entailment, or logical implication, between terms or propositions in the premises: “to entail means “to include” or “to involve.” Deductive entailment has to do with the way a term or proposition may be included to another. * Syllogism-the most traditional and even yet one of the most common deductive argument. This is a type of argument consisting of two premises

Fallacy and Its Types

1387 words - 6 pages consideration. These are arguments that (1) fail because of their content rather than their form and (2) cannot be detected by the techniques of formal logic. These informal fallacies are logical mistakes that are common in ordinary discourse. A material error may be due to the simple ignorance or plain misapprehension of facts. Material fallacies are also called non-formal fallacies. Various attempts at a complete classification of fallacies have

Critical Thinking

764 words - 4 pages conclusion due to vagueness in words, phrases or grammar. From the master list of fallacies, I would like to present five with their definitions and examples. The five fallacies will be Red herring, Division, Slippery slope, False dilemma and Farfetched hypothesis. Let us go through each in detail. Red herring : It represents an irrelevant topic to divert away from the original issue. The best example will be, Hillary Clinton stating that 'I

What Is Critical Thinking?

664 words - 3 pages proposed solutions rationally and logically. This requires an understanding of basic logic, including the structure of arguments and logical fallacies. We will take a closer look at arguments in in the Argument Workshop and fallacies in the Informal Fallacies Workshop

Many Types Of Logical Fallacies

1375 words - 6 pages : Classical and Contemporary Readings. Hans V. Hansen & Robert C. Pinto, pp. 130-144 3. Logical fallacy. (2009). Begging the Question / Circular Reasoning. Retrieved: February 27, 2014. From: http://www.logicalfallacies.info/presumption/begging-the-question/ 4. Pope, K. (2003). Common Logical Fallacies in Psychology: 25 Types & Examples. Retrieved: February 27, 2014 from http://www.kspope.com/fallacies/fallacies.php/ 5. Philosophy Index. (2002). False Cause fallacy. Retrieved February 27, 2014 from http://www.philosophy-index.com/logic/fallacies/false-cause.php/

The Form of Good (Arguments)

1554 words - 7 pages makes this comparison, in view of the fact that his argument relies heavily on assumptions and absolutes. In addition, in his dialog with Glaucon, Socrates bases some of his ideas on logical fallacies, which by and large help in crippling his argument. In this passage, Socrates articulates Plato’s Theory of the Form of Good under the assumption that all things considered “good” are each “good” in the same sorts of ways, as well as for the same

Check It Out

5019 words - 21 pages the simulation and to propose any tools they believe might have been more appropriate to the situation. Summary to Encourage Learning Understanding the outcome of a decision and using that knowledge to our advantage is the purpose of skillfully employing good evaluation tools. Critical thinking plays an important role in decision making, from the assessment of the problem to the final evaluation of the decision outcome. Knowing how to question assumptions, apply logical arguments, detect fallacies, and understand perceptions will assist a manager just as much in evaluating decisions as in identifying the problem and making the decision.

Critical Thinking

2727 words - 11 pages . However some types of fallacies information are: a. Given and thinking of inaccurate ideas such as, management thinking that the seminar is a good think for junior staff while other think its unnecessarily for the organization and it shows on both side that it error on both arguments. b. Over selling argument, thereby making some information more important than others. c. Supporting argumentation and logical reasoning to conclude

Related Essays

Fallacy Summary And Application Essay

1100 words - 5 pages English Language). As you will read on further into this paper, we will begin to define the significance that fallacies play with the role of critical thinking and decision-making. Fallacy Summary and Application From the master list of logical fallacies, I have chosen four different fallacies in which I will go into detail and discuss further. As I mentioned in the abstract, fallacies play a key role in the critical thinking and decision

Fallacy Summary And Application Essay

921 words - 4 pages Abstract An argument is fallacious when it contains one or more logical fallacies. A logical fallacy is an argument that contains a mistake in reasoning (2002). When using critical thinking to make decisions, an individual or group needs to be aware of logical fallacies and how they relate to decision-making. Logical fallacies can be used to manipulate a situation and if a person or group does not recognize logical fallacies, the person or

Fallacy Summary And Application Paper

1599 words - 7 pages Fallacy Summary and Application Paper Introduction Logical Fallacies are methods in argumentations or persuasions that may look or sound good and truthful but do not stand up to critical analysis. These are errors of reasoning that may be recognized by prudent thinkers (Downes, 1995). Fallacies are more than just mistaken belief, it is a flaw in argument that may be intentionally created by a person who has an agenda or may be due to a simple

Logical Fallacies Essay

896 words - 4 pages Logical Fallacies Fallacies are all around us. We see fallacies on the television, newspapers, and radio. People around the world experience logical fallacies on almost a daily basis. A fallacy is defined as “errors or flaws in reasoning” (Axelrod and Cooper 620).Fallacies used in advertisements are; band wagon, begging the question, confusing chronology with casualty, either-or reasoning, equivocating, failing to accept the burden of