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Logical Fallacies: Summary And Application Essay

1023 words - 5 pages

Logical fallacies can be employed several ways. Politicians engage in sophisticated campaigns engaging in verbal banter. Many variations of logical fallacies can be identified during political campaigns, because people are expecting to be verbally seduced in this manner. To recognize the use of fallacies requires critical thinking skills to sort out the facts, followed by making a decision based on those facts. Recognition of a logical fallacy may create an opportunity for change, once the fallacy has been exposed. Conversely, the fallacy may be entrenched and indicative of a belief system that is unable to be overcome or changed. The following examples will illustrate the use of four ...view middle of the document...

Their training program must be efficient, effective, and highly-regarded."(Pope & Vasquez, 1998)Falling for this fallacy can reinforce stigmas surrounding mental illness. Carefully considering each individual client, apart from their diagnosis, helps maintain ethical treatment.Furthermore, the client can obtain self-sufficiency when encouraged to view themselves separate from their disorder.Affirming the ConsequenceThis fallacy receives a plentiful airing in our law courts, since it is the basis of circumstantial evidence. Where we have no eyewitness evidence, we work back from what is known to those actions which might have caused it. Judges and juries are tasked with sifting through this fallacy and applying both critical thinking skills and decision making. Attorneys may employ this fallacy to show this innocence of a guilty client successfully, unless the fallacy is recognized (Pirie, 1995).Another example of this fallacy is:If Stephen King wrote the Bible, then Stephen King is a good writer. Stephen King is a good writer. Therefore, Stephen King wrote the Bible. The previous argument was obviously incorrect (Wikipedia, 2005). When arguing the application of this fallacy might appear as follows:All humans are mortal. Socrates is human. Therfore, Socrates is mortal. On the surface this may appear harmless. Assuming these types of fallacies, however, can be harmful(Wikipedia, 2005). The recent events surrounding hurricane Katrina and statement refferencing ethnicity in regard to resucue efforts are excellent examples of this fallacy.Straw Man FallacyStraw Man occurs when an opponent takes the original argument of his/her adversary and then offers a close imitation, or straw man, version of the original argument and thereby gives the appearance of having successfully countered or overcome the original argument (Drury Education, 2005). The following is a simple example of this...

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