Locke Vs Marx Essay

1224 words - 5 pages

Karl Marx and John Locke both formulated philosophical theories that worked to convince people of their rights to freedom and power; however, they had conflicting viewpoints on the idea of private property. Locke felt that property belonged to whoever put their labor into it, and one could accumulate as much property as he or she wants (692). Marx, however, considered the private property of the select few who possessed it to be the product of the exploitation of the working class (1118). Personally, I believe that Locke’s conception of private property is more convincing than Marx’s point of view.
In Locke’s Second Treatise of Government, he defines his view of private property. He ...view middle of the document...

Locke places high value on property. He says that human beings are born with a natural right to preserve their own property, that is, their life, liberty, and estate. He also says that the preservation of property is the number one reason people enter into a civil society. A civil society is there to protect the natural rights of humans, which is the preservation of their private property (707).
According to Marx, “bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products, that is based on class antagonisms, on the exploitation of the few by the many” ("Manifesto of the Communist Party" 1118). He says that the validity of private property is presupposed in a capitalist economy. However, a capitalist economy actually splits human beings into two classes: the bourgeoisie, or the proprietors, and the proletariat, or the wage-laborers. Marx also says bourgeois private property is created because of the alienation of the wage-laborers. He says that one way that the wage-laborers are alienated is from their product of their labor, since the products that the wage-laborer is producing do not belong to him or her. Also, they are alienated from the act of production because, in a capitalist economy, people partake in obligatory, forced labor, and therefore do not see themselves in their work. They do not feel connected to their work, and are not able to create freely as humans should be able to. Additionally, wage-laborers become alienated from the species being. According to Marx, the characteristic trait of human beings is willing creative activity or production. The alienated labor of a capitalist society prevents people from fully using their human function, and thus from being fully human. Finally, Marx says that wage-laborers become alienated from other human beings since they have to compete for the highest wages, which naturally divides them; and since the labor of the proletariat does not belong to the wage-laborer, it must belong to another human being – the bourgeoisie (“Alienated Labor” 1086-1092). All of these ways in which the wage-laborers are alienated lead to the creation of bourgeois property, which must be abolished. The entire ideal of Communism can be summed up as “abolition of private property” ("Manifesto of the Communist Party" 1118). This does not necessarily mean any property personally acquired through one’s own labor. ...

Other Papers Like Locke Vs Marx

Novel Project: 1984 Essay

4393 words - 18 pages The Novel Project Your name: Giselle Gonzalez Your Novel: 1984 – George Orwell 1. Explain how the novel represents two or more concerns of its historical time period; these concerns may be economic, political, cultural, social, or moral concerns. Clarify the author’s view on one of the following as s/he presents the concerns: right vs wrong; conservative vs radical, or elite vs commonplace. Orwell published “1984” in 1948 just after the end

Games E Gamers - Uma Análise Do Cunsumidor de Videogames No Brasil

3788 words - 16 pages Mar Abr Mai X X X X X X X X X X METODOLOGIA Segundo Giglio (2010), existem cinco formas de estudar o comportamento do consumidor, sendo estas a base para qualquer pesquisa na área. Os métodos possíveis são: Métodos positivista, estruturalista, dialético, sistêmico e fenomenológico. O método positivista, baseado nas teorias de Bacon, Locke, Mill e Hume, consiste em observar um fato que se repete e, com

Uni Junction Transistor

5969 words - 24 pages dates from the French Revolution era, when those members of the National Assembly who supported the republic, the common people and a secular society sat on the left and supporters of the monarchy, aristocratic privilege and the Church sat on the right.[20] The meanings behind the labels have become more complicated over the years. A particularly influential event was the publication of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels in

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are

A Heart Of Darkness

1748 words - 7 pages emphasizing the two images of Kurtz: a barbarous and savage man of an uncivilized society vs. refined gentlemen from civilized Europe. The manager of the ivory company in Africa is essentially the scoundrel of the plot. He is the dark force indirectly responsible for the corruption and decadence in the Congo. Setting is also relevant to the overall theme of the novel. As the plot opens up, Marlow begins to compare the Thames River to the Congo. He

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason, the

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages ‘It’s not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages’ (Henry Ford, cited in Johnson and Weinstein 2004, p. 2). When the Ford Motor Company announced that it would more than double the wages of its workers in January 1914 to a ‘five-dollar day’ minimum, was this a contradiction to Henry Ford’s statement? If customers are actually the ultimate payers of wages, then more than

Related Essays

Government 1 Essay

886 words - 4 pages grants: a large sum of money granted by the national government to a regional government with only general provisions as to how they may be spent. Contrasts with categorical which is strict on spending provisions. Mandates: power granted by an electorate; the group of people entitled to vote in an election. “constituency”. Theories of Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both had different views of the social contract theory

Socialism Vs Capitalism Essay

2183 words - 9 pages increased individualism, which became a characteristic of the modern societies. Socialism Vs. Capitalism Over the years, there were many forms of the social organization, but the main ones are collectivism and individualism. According to the author Bradley Thomson (1993), collectivism in the twentieth century has taken many forms; one of them was socialism. He also states that the only social system that is common with individualism is

Nietzsche's Essay

5224 words - 21 pages Nietzsche: His philosophy and “Beyond Good and Evil” And Marxists vs. Mill’s view of socialism 1- Describe Nietzsche’s basic philosophy and his “New Morality” as revealed in his “Gay Science”, “Twilight of the Idol’s” books. Then choose one of his writings in his book “Beyond Good and Evil” and describe the philosophy he attempts to reveal. Conclude with your opinion on his philosophy of religion and his view of the Cosmos. Born on

The Day We Meet Essay

2140 words - 9 pages * 6 References * 7 External links Content The film is arranged into four parts. Each part is an amalgam of interviews, narration and animated sequences.[3] Part I: Human Nature The film begins with an animated sequence narrated by Jacque Fresco. He describes his adolescent life and his discontinuation of public education at the age of 14 and describes his early life influences. Human behavior and the nature vs. nurture debate is discussed