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Literature Review On Development Theories

882 words - 4 pages

INTRODUCTION
Development means making a better life of every man in this present context of an even world. A better life of most people is meeting their basic needs. It includes sufficient food to eat, affordable services available, quality health, and respect for each other. These things are basic human needs. Any other cause of Development is subject to materialistic or culture as a whole. The method and purpose of development are subject to popular democratic mechanism for decision making processes. Many people agree that, better life for all people is a desirable goal but not everybody thinks Development can be universally realized. Among people who think development can be realized for ...view middle of the document...

Qualitative development means Free Education, Improvement in Living Standards of People whiles Quantitative development is improvement in the quantity of goods and services produced. For instance, Four-thousand (4000) to Five-thousand (5000) tons of Cocoa. There is quantitative improvement because it can be measured statistically unlike the qualitative which the figures cannot be measured. For instance, an increase in maize production brought about by improved method of seeds selection, they also introduced better farming practices/Agronomic practices. This is a clear example of genuine development. Also, an increase in maize production resulting from the importation of improved seeds and chemical fertilizers. Is an example of growth without development. Hence this illustration helps to explain why there is difference between growth and development. Growth without development is reliant upon external sources. People simply define growth, progress and development, change etc. to mean one and the same. Development generates an internal dynamics with each improvement secure providing a spring ball for further improvement. One can therefore conclude that Africa’s economic problems has been due to policies which have only concentrated on growth without regards with whether they based genuine development. When GDP grows slowly and the population is rising rapidly or galloping, the GDP per capita that is the living standards turns to decrease over time. Therefore the major way of controlling GDP is controlling the population.
However, economic growth means achieving more massive economy that is producing more goods and services for one side of the national income accounting (GDP, GND Per Capita Income. Economic growth can occur without touching the inequality/poverty. Indeed growth...

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