Literature Theory Comparison
Shonte’ C. Grady
Grand Canyon University
Literature Theory Comparison
For many years, school and district leadership has assigned primarily to a single person such as the principal or the superintendent. The principal and superintendent’s responsibilities are keeping order in the school, managing school schedules, monitoring the budget, making sure buses run on time, etc… In addition principals and superintendents job are to develop and keep the school’s or district’s vision, articulate and model core values, ensure the inclusion of all voices, develop collaborative learning experiences. The ...view middle of the document...
Charismatic leaders are able to formulate and articulate inspirational vision and behaviors that foster an impression that they and their mission are extraordinary. Individuals choose to follow such leaders not simply because of the formal authority of the leader but also on the basis of the perceptions of the leader’s extraordinary character. This charismatic leadership style is linked to the early conceptualization of the transformational leadership style. Both charismatic and transformational leaders transform the values and priorities of followers and motivate them to beyond their expectations. Charismatic and Transformational leadership have been defined as highly associated with positive work outcomes (Cicero, L. and Pierro, J. p.229).
“Charismatic leader’s persona includes elements of distance from followers, of achieving hero status, of narcissist personality views tendencies, and possibly self-aggrandisement. The potentially and possibly inappropriately paternalistic and destructive self-power of the charismatic leader can have negative consequences in the life of the follower. Charismatic leaders focus on personal power such as expert power, which leads to follower respect, admiration, and trust” (Wiener, 2003, p. 183). Miller states that the influence processes used by charismatic leaders is different from the influence processes used by transforming leaders, which provides evidence of differences in persona. The leader’s persona, which is her /his self-perception and consequent self-schema, has ramifications throughout the organization. (2007, p. 189) “The charismatic or heroic leader’s ego may get the way of the over organizational goals, therefore, being a liability in the organization. The liability of the charismatic/heroic leader is their own ego can potentially get in the way of benefiting others and the organization. Behaviours such as not including competent others into decision making limits the knowledge base from which decisions are being made. “(Miller, 2007, p. 188). Charismatic leaders differ greatly from the charismatic leader. Miller quotes that it is transforming leadership that enables success of their organizations. (189)
Narcissism, a form of charismatic leadership is a particularly powerful personality disorder. It generally takes the form of a grandiose sense of self-importance, preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited success, power, or love, and exhibitionist orientation. This reminded me of my own leader (principal). She exhibits both a narcissist behavior and social behavior as well. She loves to be seen and brag on her and her school's achievements. Her followers fear her and as a result do whatever she says. It's very rare that someone goes against something that she says. Narcissist individuals act as if they are entitled to receive the service of others and lead toward exploitive and manipulative behavior (Sankowsky, 2005, p. 64). Howell, J and Shamir, B. (2005, p. 97)...