Literature is a term used to describe written or spoken material. Broadly speaking, "literature" is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction.
Literature, in its broadest sense, is any written work; etymologically the term derives from Latinliteratura/litteratura "writing formed with letters", although some definitions include spoken or sung texts. More restrictively, it is writing that possesses literary merit, and language that foregrounds literariness, as opposed toordinary language. ...view middle of the document...
Whether its a novel-length text, play, or short story, a good piece of literature can be implemented in the classroom to train our students to be higher level thinkers.
Not only do they build their vocabulary and reading comprehension skills, students can build their metacognitive skills while annotating literature, and then use those annotations to assist them in comparing or contrasting, or evaluating and analyzing the text in terms of theme, conflict, figurative language, tone or mood.
FUNCTIONS OF LITERATURE
TRANSMISSION OF CULTURE: While a history textbook or transcripts of court trials, or newspapers can tell us the facts and events of a society, nothing can share the feelings or beliefs like literature does. In literature we see the struggles and triumphs of various societies in addition to how people responded to them. People's morals and values are often portrayed through literature.
ART OF COMMUNICATION: Some people express themselves well visually, others verbally, and yet others with the written word that has had opportunities for editing and several drafts.
SCIENCE OF COMMUNICATION: Often, an author will have a significant feeling on an issue that they wish to communicate. To persuade people to think or feel similarly, they might entertain, use reverse psychology (like a dystopia), or blatantly describe the issue with many literary devices.
A word on literary devices: For everyone, there are different comparisons or hyperboles that speak to us. An author of a literary piece can use many to convey their point.
form of pleasure/entertainment
form of escape/therapy/stress reliever
TYPES OF LITERATURE
Literature can generally be divided into two types; prose and poetry. Prose consists of those written within the common flow of conversation in sentences and paragraphs, while poetry refers to those expressions in verse, with measure and rhyme, line and stanza and has a more melodious tone.
There are many types of prose. These include novels or biographies, short stories, contemporary dramas, legends, fables, essays, anecdotes, news and speeches.
a. Novel. This is a long narrative divided into chapters. The events are taken from true-to-life stories…and span a long period of time. There are many characters involved. Example: WITHOUT SEEING THE DAWN by Steven Javallena.
b. Short Story. This is a narrative involving one or more characters, one plot and one single impression. Example: THE LAUGHTER OF MY FATHER by Carlos Bulosan.
c. Plays. This is presented on a stage, is divided into acts and each act has many scenes. Example: THIRTEEN PLAYS by Wilfredo M. Guerrero.
d. Legends. These are fictitious narrative, usually about origins. Example: THE BIKOL LEGEND by Pio Duran.
e. Fables. These are also fictitious and they deal with animals and inanimate thins who speak and act like people and their purpose is to enlighten the minds of children to events that can mold their ways and attitudes. Example: THE MONKEY AND...