Local landline phone systems consist of several different components. The following are what makes it all up.
1. The local loop is the link between a customer and the telephone company’s central office, often called “the last mile”. The local loop uses copper-based telephone wire.
2. The central office is a local telephone company switching center. There are 2 types of central offices, the first is end office (EO) or local exchange (LE) and connects directly to the outside plant. The second type is the Tandem office; this is a central office that is not connected directly to the customer.
3. Point of presence (POP) is the point at which a line from a long distance carrier ...view middle of the document...
The switching points in the backbone could be buildings on a campus or cities in a country.
3. Equipment includes all the wires, fiber-optic or copper, that connect a few different components together. This also includes Switches.
4. Regional/Metro Networks are a communication network that covers a geographical area such as a town, city, or suburb.
1. Broadcast TV is broadcasted from radio wave, which sends a signal from one antenna to another. It has a limitation flaw of going in and out of range.
2. Community antennas have come from being a copper cable on the highest point, to a very complex combination of cabling and electronics. This antenna consists of the following cables, and components, the Head end, Trunk cables, feeder cables, and drop cables.
3. Network access point is located close to the homes of buildings it services. The NAP is a terminal that serves as a connection point for drop cables.
4. From the NAP a cable runs to the Network Interface Device. The NID is typically mounted outside of the house or...