This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Linguistics Acquisition Essay

2949 words - 12 pages

LINGUISTIC ACQUITITION
Name
Tutor
Course
College
Date

WHAT, IF ANY, LINGUISTIC KNOWLEDGE DOES A HUMAN BEING POSSESS AT BIRTH
INTRODUCTION
Language and linguistic ability and knowledge development is a gradual process that takes place among children as they grow up. Languages are composed of sounds that are assembled to form words, which are combined to form sentences, which are arranged to convey ideas (SEDL, 2013). It is therefore a process that a child’s young and developing brain is exposed to at birth and is with time expected to learn and master. This therefore needs to be understood whether they are born with some already structured ability that guides their learning process ...view middle of the document...

He for one was against the behaviorists’ theory that children learnt by trying to imitate the speeches of adults and were reinforced to improve on their inadequacies by rewards or punishments (Macaulay, 2006). The theory insinuated that as time goes by and as children grow and develop, they start to notice and imitate whatever they saw. This in effect helped then communicate by repeating words that they heard said within their environs more often. Chomsky though refuted this arguing that there was no way children could learn a very complex aspect of life such as language by simply imitating (Macaulay, 2006).
In his theory though Chomsky believes that after babies are born with the LAD capability in them, which enables a born baby to understand and embrace their native language. His theory therefore can be classified as nativists’ theory of language. He is against the theory that babies learn by imitation saying that; “Children are exposed to inaccurately formed language since people interrupt themselves, mix up languages sometimes, get contradicting information in their conversations but the children in the end still learn” (Linden, 2008). This he says were it that children imitated their adults to learn the native languages then would grow up really mixed up in their conversations and may not even understand what they are saying or being told. Therefore there has to be something that enables then to distinguish and identify the right structure of the language system and adapt it.

His other argument against the behaviourists theory of learning languages in children is that by simply imitating, the children would have very limited room for expanding their knowledge of languages. He says that the children instead learn also the rules around the structural formation of the language they hear and form other new sentences. Learning through watching and imitating would therefore he believes limits their linguistic capabilities to that of the people they are around while growing up (Keenan & Evans, 2009). Children as it is are able to expand their knowledge of a language and even have the capability to learn more than one at a time. Expanding their knowledge not only limiting it to the sentences they had said by their caretakers is in itself according tp Chomsky enough to dispute the behavourists’ theory of linguistics.
Another theory about the nature in which children acquire their linguistic knowledge is the interactionist theory. This theory believes that through the biological components and their ability in human being to develop and adapt, children are therefore able so interact socially or otherwise and learn. This learning prrocess enables then to learn the language being spoken within their visinity and the sorrounding environment in which they are being brought up in (Shulman & Capone, 2010). This theory belives that children depend on their parents and the sorrounding to learn languages, and that they cannot learn without it....

Other Papers Like Linguistics Acquisition

Factors That Influence Adult Second-Language Acquisition

1462 words - 6 pages Factors That Influence Adult Second-Language Acquisition “Each person's map of the world is as unique as the person's thumbprint. There are no two people alike, no two people who understand the same sentence the same way.  .  . so in dealing with people, you try not to fit them to your concept of what they should be."[1] Factors such as culture, language, education, and the tracking of learners’ progress over time are not

Correctness Correction Essay

1801 words - 8 pages of Second Language Writing, 13(4), 35-348. Doughty, C & Varela, E. (1998). Communicative focus on form. In Doughty, C & Williams, J. (Eds.), Focus on Form in Classroom Second Language Acquisition (pp.114-138). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ferris, D. (1999). The case for grammar correction in L2 writing classes: a response to Truscott 1996. Journal of Second Language Writing, 8(1), 1-11. Ferris, D. R. (2004). The "Grammar Correction

Evolution of Cognitive Psychology as a Discipline

1112 words - 5 pages psychology as did cognitive psychology have on them. Behaviourism was the leading approach within psychology, however couldn’t explain the acquisition and use of language. Noam Chomsky revolutionized the field of linguistics with his ideas and was extremely influential in questioning simple and one-dimensional behaviourist clarification of language behaviour. “Philosophical issues such as the nature of mind and consciousness have taxed great thinkers

Research Analysis

1294 words - 6 pages most common education and linguistic electronic databases known as ERIC and LLBA. Some of these words include negative evidence, feedback, corrective feedback, and negotiation, prompts, clarification, recasts, and second language acquisition, explicit and implicit feedback among others (Li, 2010). Secondly, manual and electronic searches were conducted for back and current issues of extensively cited journals in applied linguistics and second

What ideas would I bring to the classroom to make the learning of vocabulary more interesting and rewarding?

868 words - 4 pages What ideas would I bring to the classroom to make the learning of vocabulary more interesting and rewarding? Introduction It has been acknowledged by various linguistic commentators that vocabulary plays a very important part in language acquisition. For example, in his book on the mental lexicon, Singleton states that ‘the major challenge of learning and using a language lies not in the area of broad syntactic principles but in the

Psychology

958 words - 4 pages defined as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior”. In terms of the concept of learning, the process tends to be passive with regard to the behaviorist theory. The learner uses low level processing skills to understand material and the material is often isolated from real-world contexts or situations. Little responsibility is placed on the learner concerning his/her own education. Typical classroom instruction consistent with

The Role Of A Teacher In A Language Classroom

824 words - 4 pages Beach Hotel, Cottesloe. CAREER OBJECTIVE To secure a job as an English Teacher in Vietnam with a dynamic, reputable school and work in a challenging role that offers opportunities for knowledge acquisition, advancement, leadership and collaborative teamwork. TERTIARY QUALIFICATIONS Current Masters of Applied Linguistics. Monash University, Melbourne. Aug 2011 CELTA. (Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults

Knowledge Based Systems

1119 words - 5 pages exploring such aspects of human (and other animal) mental activity as: * understanding * creativity * Perception * problem-solving * consciousness * using language * Intelligence by simulating them using computers. It is therefore closely connected with such social sciences as: * psychology * linguistics * philosophy Applied Artificial Intelligence What is applied AI? Applied AI is concerned with

Describe The Process By Which Genes And Environment Operate Together To Influence Development

2163 words - 9 pages birth. It was shown babies preferred the prose that had been read to them in the womb over other pieces. This shows that environmental influences can not be ignored. Bruner, 1983, argues that both innate skills and the environment work together to encourage language acquisition. Bruner argues that language needs an innate programme which helps a child learn language such as a Language Acquisition Device (LAD) as suggested by Chomosky, but

The Grasshopper and Bell Cricket

5359 words - 22 pages , 17(1), pp. 38-62. Skehan, P., 1996a. Second Language Acquisition Research and Task-Based Instruction. In: J. Willis & D. Willis, eds. Challenge and Change in Language Teaching. Oxford: Macmillan, pp. 17-30. Stark, P. P., 2005. Integrating Task-Based Learning into a Business English Programme. In: C. Edwards & J. Willis, (eds) (2005). Swan, M., 2005. Legislation by Hypothesis: The Case of Task-Based Instruction. Applied Linguistics, 26(3), pp

Ece Early Childhood Education

1126 words - 5 pages teaching young children: An introduction to early childhood education. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Retrieved from: Constellation™ course digital materials (CDM) title. Atkinson, D. (2012). Cognitivism, adaptive intelligence, and second language acquisition. Applied Linguistics Review, 3(2), 211-232. doi:10.1515/applirev-2012-0010 Retrieved from: EBSCOHOST Zaur, J., Irwin, J., & Phillips, J. (2014). ECE101 theorist gallery

Related Essays

Bilingualism Essay

2061 words - 9 pages ://englishjapaneseschool.wordpress.com/2013/11/23/stages-of-language-acquisition/ http://rade-petricevic.blogspot.com/2013/09/factors-affacting-second-language.html http://www.decodedscience.com/first-language-acquisition-development-theories-nature-vs-nurture/7247/2 http://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/linguistics/learn.jsp http://www.slideshare.net/kiprus/stages-of-acquisition-of-first-language http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/ss/early-childhood-development_5.htm

Explain The Key Theories In The Field Of Child Language Acquisition

1130 words - 5 pages infinity (there being no physical embodiment of such, yet language describes its existence as a concept to us). Further research done into this area by Sapir & Whorf expanded on this framework, exploring the relationship between language, thought and culture by implying that thoughts and behaviour are controlled by a certain extent by language itself. The ultimate extrapolation of this conjecture is the emergence of 'Newspeak', as explored by George Orwell in "1984".Language acquisition is a complex process, and new theories are still being formulated in order to try and explain an area of linguistics which has yet to be fully explored.

Language Theories Essay

5286 words - 22 pages Theories Of First Language Acquisition English Language Essay Imagine a blank template, a white sheet of paper, thats how human being starts off. From a crying baby in a cradle, to babbling, to simple single words, slowly progressing into two-words, then finally a complete sentence, ever wonder how one acquires the ability to produce the language? Linguists throughout the ages have tried to find out how does one ACQUIRE a language, is it a deep

Phonetics And Articulation Essay

992 words - 4 pages deals with the physical properties of the speech signal. All three are different, but play an important role in speech. “Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that studies the material aspects of speech sound” (Phonetics 7).[1] The material aspects of sounds are made of physical production, transportation and comprehension of the sound. Another aspect of sound has to do with the function of sound in a language. The American English language does