This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Liberalism In French Revolution Through Enlightenment

1619 words - 7 pages

THE LIBERAL REVOLUTION -UNDER THE IDEA OF ENLIGHTENMENT
"Dare to know! Have courage to use your own reason!"-Kant

Contents
ENLIGHTENMENT AS AN IDEA: 3
FRENCH SOCIETY: 3
THE LIBERAL REVOLUTION: 3
CRITICISM ON THE IDEA OF LIBERALISM: 4
CONCLUSION 5
BIBLIOGRAPHY 6


ENLIGHTENMENT AS AN IDEA:
“Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed nonage… Sapere Aude! Dare to Know! Have the courage to use your own understanding is therefore the motto of the Enlightenment.” Immanuel Kant (Columbia.edu)
The eighteenth century Enlightenment proved to be a movement of the intellectuals who dared to prove all the aspects in life scientifically. These individuals ...view middle of the document...

Personally the man was free, but all this network of dues and exactions, still clung round the peasant. The French society was ripe for a revolution that would change the course of history. The intelligentsia of the French society was at the same time becoming enamored by the ideals of liberty and liberalism as defined by philosophers like Kant and Locke. (Kropotkin)
THE LIBERAL REVOLUTION:
Perhaps the first great success the revolutionaries achieved in The French revolution was the establishment of the National Assembly in 1789. Soon after the national assembly was established the King was immediately made a constitutional monarch and a few years after, both the King and the Queen were executed which started a wave of bloodshed.
The Assembly was established by the representatives of the Common people and was born out of the need of the common people for more rights. One of the first acts of the National Assembly was to pass the Declaration of the Rights of Man. The Declaration provided the rights of liberty to French Citizens.
The declaration defined liberty as:
“Liberty consists in the power to do anything that does not injure others; accordingly, the exercise of the rights of each man has no limits except those that secure the enjoyment of these same rights to the other members of society. These limits can be determined only by law.” (Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (August 1789))
The original strain of liberalism was not entirely evil and was concerned to protect and to grant rights to ordinary men, women and their offspring in an often harsh and cruel age. This original strain is referred to as Classical Liberalism- which supports individual rights as pre-existing the state and a government that exists to protect those moral rights, ensured by a constitution.  The early liberal figures rejected many foundational assumptions which dominated earlier theories of regime, such as the divine right of kings, traditional status, and established religion, and strongly focused on individual freedom, reason, justice and tolerance. However the irony of the revolution remains that it itself took birth out of brutality and bloodshed.
CRITICISM ON THE IDEA OF LIBERALISM:
But not everybody was happy on what was happening in the French society due to the enlightenment thoughts.
Burke is famous for his great support for the American Revolution and his fierce opposition to the French Revolution.  He expressed his opposition in 'Reflections on the Revolution in France' (1790). Burke emphasized the dangers of mob rule, fearing that the Revolution's vehemence was destroying French society. Burke appealed to the qualities of continuity, tradition, status and property and opposed the Revolution to the end of his life. (History)
All circumstances taken together, the French revolution is the most astonishing that has hitherto happened in the world. The most wonderful things are brought about, in many instances by means the most absurd...

Other Papers Like Liberalism in French Revolution Through Enlightenment

The Evolution of Liberalism in Latin America

1611 words - 7 pages , liberty, and fraternity. However, although elites claim to be liberals, there is little in practice that they do that translates to truly liberal economies and democracies. 2 One clear example of the relative commitment to liberalism are numerous Constitutions developed throughout Latin America that emulate, if not directly copy, the Constitution of the United States and “generous ideas of the French revolution”(Hirschman). Although in

The French Revolution and Human Rights

613 words - 3 pages citizenship and rights current in Enlightenment and Revolutionary France. Since the early eighteenth century and the beginning of the intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment, the issue of individual rights has dominated political thought in the West. The principles of political and civil rights strongly influenced the struggle of North American colonists for independence from Britain and the cataclysmic French Revolution (1789–1799) with its

Comparing And Contrasting The American And French Revolutions

771 words - 4 pages side was more important and a result of trade restrictions, mercantilism, and taxation. The restrictions prevented the raw materials to enter in the Boston Port, therefore causing a decline in economic success (Lodge 1850-1924). Therefore, the moral improvements were considered the age of enlightenment. While the French Revolution began from 1789-1799, from this revolution the Monarchy was overthrown and the Roman Catholic Church was required

Cause and Effect of the French Revolution

1438 words - 6 pages explanation. In fact, it includes two main points – Enlightenment and American war for Independence. The effect of the first is much more significant for the French Revolution. The Enlightenment era is known as the kind of intellectual movement based on rationalism and free thinking. Actually, it has generated the foundation of civil society and democracy which we appreciate today. In addition, this movement is the primary source of political freedom

Inspirations for the French Revolution

1035 words - 5 pages * * * * * * * Inspirations for the French Revolution * University of Phoenix * As French philosopher Denis Diderot stated, “Man is born to think for himself.” His bold ideology became the backbone of a revolution that would forever change the social and political situation in Europe (Repression, 2006). The French Revolution demanded the end of a corrupt monarchy, giving the country back to its citizens

Enlightenment Of The 17th And 18th Centuries

1285 words - 6 pages The scientific revolution had a great impact on the Enlightenment of the 17th and 18th centuries. The greatest contribution given the Enlightenment by the scientific revolution was the notion to question the Christian dogma by means of logic, which the philosophes would take further to satirize/question their own governments in many instances as well. This went beyond the speculations some may have had in private amongst friends, to a level that

Liberalism Philosophy

1877 words - 8 pages fundamental units of law, politics and economy. • Liberalism first became a powerful force in the Age of Enlightenment, rejecting several foundational assumptions that dominated most earlier theories of government, such as nobility, established religion, absolute monarchy, and the Divine Right of Kings. • The first notable incarnation of liberal unrest came with the American Revolution, and liberalism fully flowered as a comprehensive movement

The Enlightenment 5

517 words - 3 pages called the Age of Absolutism (1660-1789). It begins in the reign of Louis XIV and ends with the French Revolution. The way Louis XIV ruled France, provided a model for other absolute monarchs. The Enlightenment was a foreshadowing of political modernity. Many of the concepts that were introduced during this age are the same concepts that the United States and other modern governments were founded on. The Enlightenment helped set mankind on the path toward the modern world.

French Revolution - Paper 2

626 words - 3 pages The French Revolution (French: Révolution française; 1789–1799), was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that had a major impact on France and indeed all of Europe. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years. French society underwent an epic transformation as feudal, aristocratic and religious privileges evaporated under a sustained assault from radical left-wing political groups

Ungs Extremism

1250 words - 5 pages liberalism to refer to a specific political doctrine did not occur until the 19th century. Perhaps the first modern state founded on liberal principles, with no hereditary aristocracy, was The United States of America, whose Declaration of Independence states that "all men are created equal and endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights". A few years later, the French Revolution overthrew the hereditary aristocracy, with the slogan

French Recolution Interpretations

1395 words - 6 pages The French Revolution was one of the main events in History in the eighteenth century. It changed the face of France and also Europe. It began in 1789 and has had major and lasting effects. The French Revolution has many different interpretations on how the French Revolution effected the world and what it did. I will outline the views of the Marxist and revisionist interpretations throughout my essay, I want to compare and contrast the

Related Essays

The Role Of Women In The French Revolution

1824 words - 8 pages The Role of Women in the French Revolution Sarah A.Butt Western Civilization 3rd March 2010 The French revolution, which began in 1789, was a period of hatred and blood. It was a period of political upheaval of the country, and of world importance in France. Issues of rights and equality has always been a heated debate in the world, however, during the French Revolution, equality was the main exhilarating and impassioned concept that was

An Essay On Liberalism And Conservatism

1298 words - 6 pages government, free market principles, capitalist society, individual property rights, and industry free from government intervention. Modern liberals are less fearful of the government and believe the government can promote the general good through government intervention, welfare programs, and common property. The Glorious Revolution had an impact the views of John Locke, which in turned influenced the philosophies of classical liberalism. The key

19th Century Liberalis, Essay

876 words - 4 pages countries citizens. Although liberalism wasn’t a huge success in the 19th century for European Liberals, The French Revolution and the Revolutions of 1848, helped show the manifestation of 19th century Liberalism throughout Europe and other parts of the Western Hemisphere. During the 19th century society in Europe was always under some form of hierarchy rather it be an aristocracy, absolute monarch, or dictatorship. The majority of people in one

The Old Regime Essay

1301 words - 6 pages : The Old Regime and The Enlightenment The year 1789 marks big changes in Europe. 1789 was the beginning of the French Revolution and the end of The Old Regime in France. Even though changes and new beginnings were soon to come, The Old Regime wasn’t easy to get rid of. France was considered to be the most powerful, populous and most prosperous country in Europe. Lots of French culture was admired and copied. French was considered the