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Levels Of Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin For Early Kidney Disease

1461 words - 6 pages

Levels of Neutrophil Gelatinase- Associated Lipocalin for Early Kidney Disease.

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Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction/Background of the Study………………………………………………...3

2.0 Problem………………………………………………………………………………..3

3.0 Significance to Nursing……………………………………………………………….4

4.0 Purpose………………………………………………………………………………..4

5.0 Objectives……………………………………………………………………………..4

6.0 Research Questions……………………………………………………………………4

7.0 Methods of Study……………………………………………………………………...4

8.0 Quantitative or Qualitative…………………………………………………………….5

9.0 Research Design……………………………………………………………………….5

10.0 ...view middle of the document...

According to Eddy & Nelson (2006), these secondary risk components are not sufficient themselves to cause Kidney failure commonly known as CKD (chronic kidney disease).It is crucial for humans to undergo laboratory testing. Laboratory testing will help determine the level of Neutrophil Gelatinase- Lipocalin, these tests are helpful in determining the intensity of kidney damage or disease, Kent et. al (2007). Recently, a study entitled Levels of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin for early kidney disease was undertaken with a primary objective of determining Kidneys injury or disease about levels of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin, Phillips (2003). This study targeted 96 patients from whom samples were taken; the results of this study are as discussed below.

2. Problem

This study aimed at finding a solution to chronic kidney disease and the role that NGAL (Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin) plays towards intense kidney damage. Patients suffering from renal failure are known to have high levels of NGAL, Donato et. al (2011).

3. Significance to Nursing

The study helped to create awareness of chronic kidney disease; it also sensitized nurses of other risk factors that could lead to kidney damage apart from NGAL, Philips (2003). Such other factors are inclusive of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, inflammation and Proteinuria. With simple laboratory tests involving urine or serum samples, concentration or levels of NGAL are determined.

4. Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to determine Levels of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin for early kidney disease, Donato et. al (2011).

5. 0 Objectives

The primary aim of this study was to assess the level of NGAL serum and urine. This study could be used to make predictions of kidney disease in a large number or cohort of patients with chronic kidney disease associated with various risk components, Donato et. al (2011).

6.0 Research Questions

This study seeks to provide an answer to the research question that, are Levels of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin in the urine or serum responsible for chronic kidney disease? And can these standards be used for early detection of chronic kidney disease? , Donato et. al (2011).

7. Methods of Study

In this study, 96 patients both male and female were examined who were whites from Europe but with varying levels of chronic kidney disease. These patients had been referred to the kidney outpatient clinic in one of the universities in Europe; the clinic specializes in handling patients with kidney impairment, Philips (2003).

8. Quantitative or Qualitative

This study was quantitative in nature as it involved collection and testing of a blood sample and urine from these patients. Also, the clinicians interviewed the respective patients; drug prescriptions to these patients...

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