Communism is the ideology that everyone is collectively equal with no classes or hierarchy. The only possible way communism can exist is if all property is owned by the government. The government can divide it equally between all citizens. This society is ideal for many countries and was first introduced by a revolutionary Karl Marx. Marx would write about nations as equal and how communism will end all suffering, Marx says “A specter is haunting Europe - the specter of communism.” His writings became an inspiration to many, including Vladimir Lenin. Lenin used Marx’s ideas as a basis for his own ideology on a nation, in combination with his own ideas; Lennin was able to ...view middle of the document...
” During the industrial revolution, this large gap began to decrease. Poor owners were able to increase production and make bigger profits. Companies which individually made profits were an example nation, they must first become a capitalist nation. Marx was intent on the belief “Democracy is the of capitalism. Capitalism was used in Marx’s theories. Marx believed that to become a communist or socialist road to socialism.” Lenin did not believe in this idea. Lenin belief was Russia would be able to go straight to communism. Lenin’s idea would have worked, if the industrial revolution in Russia had further developed. There were not enough people in the upper class and the new middle class to compensate for the poverty of the lower class. Consequently when Lenin placed communism in effect and all classes became equal, the quality of living became very low. Unless directly profiting from communism all Russians lived in very poor conditions with very little money. Lenin did not know of this effect when he put the communist style of government into effect. Lenin did not account for the stage of revolution Russia was in when deciding to follow his own theory in surpassing capitalism before becoming a communist
country. The bad economy and low economic living, led to many problems including lack of competition in the workplace.
Equal pay and property ownership was another problem Lenin did not account for. All Russian residents worked as equals with same pay checks and property, food was distributed equally in a 4:3:2:1 ratio to the manual workers in harmful trades, workers who performed hard physical labour, workers in light tasks/housewives and professional people. Rationings were low to begin with so housewives and professional people began to starve. Lack of food and nutrients greatly affected the citizens’ work. Citizens would work long hours on no food which was very hard. Communism caused equality throughout the workplace making an increased pay or promotion almost impossible. Companies could not surpass other companies in production therefore leaving a lack of motivation to work hard. Statistics taken in 1920 showed that “Small factories were in 1920 producing just 43% of their 1913 total. Large factories were producing 18 of their 1913 figure. Coal production was at 27% of its 1913 figure in 1920.” With little food to nourish them, it could not be expected that the workers could work effectively. By 1920, “the average worker had a productivity rate that was 44% less than the 1913 figure.” Citizens did not see the reason to work hard because of malnutrition and equality given to every worker. In rural areas farmers were given specific amounts of land where food and animals would be grown. The small areas of land equally distributed to farmers were used to produce the
countries means of nutrition. Food that was not given to the military or citizens after harvest would be given to the government. Excess food...