Legal status of homeschooling: Homeschooling is legal in the Philippines. The Philippines Constitution, Article XIV, Section 1(2) states that the country will “Establish and maintain a system of free public education in the elementary and high school levels. Without limiting the natural right of parents to rear their children…” Under the last phrase, “Without limiting the natural right of parents to rear their children,” religious groups, mission boards, and families can branch off from public education to create their own private education. However, the Constitution also provides under Section 4 (1) that “the State recognizes the complementary roles of public and private institutions in ...view middle of the document...
Established in 2009, HAPI is an organization composed of homeschooling families, as well as various accredited schools who offer home school programs.
Its chairman Edric Mendoza quickly clarifies, “Homeschool is different from home study.” Home study is schooling supervised by a teacher or a tutor who drops by a student’s house.
“Home school, on the other hand, is a form of education where the parent is the teacher and the child is the student,” Mendoza says to distinguish the two forms.
HAPI believes parents have the option and capacity to educate their children themselves.
Mendoza adds, “the challenge for all of us is that the school system has been there for a while, so we think by default that it is not our job to do it for our kids. So you know what, we need to dispel the idea, that we need a school to do the teaching for you.”
How it works
Homeschooling has two existing movements. At the other spectrum is the loosely structured homeschooling, where basically everything goes. There are no rules, like teaching music for a whole year, or finishing grades 1 to 5 in two years. At the other side of the pole is the highly-structured homeschooling. It can go as extreme as a parent that simulates the classroom experience with a desk, blackboard, flagpole, even uniforms and IDs as teacher and student.
HAPI advocates homeschooling in the middle of the spectrum, where parents enroll their kids in existing schools with home school programs accredited by the Department of Education.
Examples of these accredited schools are The Masters Academy (TMA), Kid’s World, and Heritage Academy.
“There are assigned consultants who will literally walk you through the entire program. Some are hands-off where they will show you the materials you can use. Then you can just check with them from time to time,” Mendoza says.
It will be up to the parents to create the schedules and teach their children according to the curriculum. As far as parents are concerned, the classroom can be anywhere—whether at home, at the playground, coffee shop, wherever they feel they can teach their kids.
A homeschooling father himself, Mendoza shares a typical week in his nine-year-old son’s homeschooling: “Typically, we cover three academic subjects a day: Monday to Friday for Math and Science,...