Legal Aspects of Professional Psychology
“Professional psychologists study mental processes and human behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how people and other animals relate to one another and the environment.” The psychologists express theories that have possible explanations and concentrate on an individual behavior that influence a person’s action where understanding and explaining thoughts, emotions, feelings and or behavior is in attention. However there is a legal aspect of professional psychology that is the most important part in professional practice. “Legal aspects of professional psychology cover abroad spectrum of any application of psychological ethics, and ...view middle of the document...
Caroline (2010). The “APA [American Psychological Association] Ethics Code requires that limits of confidentiality be discussed not only ‘at the outset of the relationship’ but also ‘thereafter as new circumstances may warrant’.” (Fisher, M. A. 2009)
Legal issues associated with assessment, testing, and diagnosis in professional psychology
In professional psychological treatments and therapy, the assessments, testing and the diagnosis are very strict including the “administration and interpretation of standardized tests to certain behavioral observations and clinical interviews includes in the assessments process performed in a candidate’. Also the matter of multicultural assessments is combined with standard testing without any bias. However in order to conduct a multicultural assessments the professional should have a knowledge og that particular culture for culturally sensitive research and approach. “The U.S Congress has passed a number of influential legislative acts related to the assessments. Most of these laws were not written for the specific purpose of controlling assessment practice, but they do contain content and language that are related to testing practice” (Ethical and Legal Issues in Assessment, (P g) 353).
The psychologist is responsible for conducting the psychological tests.
Importance to maintain confidentiality in the therapeutic relationship
Confidentiality and trust in therapy is very important including ethical and legal factors and there can be a legal matter and effect several other disciplines for preserving the confidentiality. There can be a question of how much of the confidentiality can be. There are certain confusions about the mental health professionals about how much assurance of the confidentiality there can be preserved vs order to police or courts for getting the medical records. There are some limits for confidentiality and legally if an information is needed for verification and management. “If the issue of one’s psychological treatment is raised during the course of a lawsuit, the psychotherapist might be forced by the court to reveal the details of your treatment” (per CA Evidence Code § 1016). In California law, there are several exceptions to the confidentiality of psychotherapy: “Where there is a reasonable suspicion of child abuse or elder adult physical abuse; Where there is a reasonable suspicion that you may present a danger of violence to others; Where there is a reasonable suspicion that you are likely to harm yourself unless protective measures are taken” (http://www.guidetopsychology.com/confid.htm).
However, and example for disclosure of confidentiality can be if the patient is violent and can be a harm to himself and others.
Influence of legislation on professional psychology
Law has a large influence on psychology. There is an increase of psychologists giving professional testimony in legal matters, topics ranging from validity of eye-witness testimony to sex...