Grand Canyon University
EDU 313 N
June 3, 2012
Learning perspectives can be generalized into three groups; cognitive psychology, behaviorism, and social cognitive theory. The main focus of learning differs between the three perspectives, but they are similar in some ways and complement each other, which helps teachers build successful learning classrooms. According to Omrod (2011, pg. 356), “Diverse perspectives of learning often complement, rather than contradict, one another, and together, they give us a richer, more multifaceted picture of human learning than any single perspective can give us by itself.” All three perspectives can help ...view middle of the document...
Visual imagery will also be an import factor in the cognitive psychology theory classroom.
Behaviorism is a theory that focuses on environmental stimuli brings out changes in the behavior of people. Behavior is caused by external stimuli and behavior can be explained without internal mental states or consciousness considerations. Knowledge exists on its own outside the human mind and learning takes place as a result of external experiences. Learning can be modified by positive or negative enforcements. The behaviorism classroom is where stimuli elicit responses as enjoyment and relaxation. A behaviorism classroom will acquire pleasant circumstances, positive feedback, and enjoyable activities. The behaviorism learning is teacher-directed, systematic, and structured. Instruction focuses on teaching sequence of skills, individualized work, and traditional methods of teaching (worksheets, lecture, and tests).
Social cognitive theory is a combination of cognitive psychology theory and behaviorism. Social cognitive theory focuses on learning by observing others and taking control of their own behavior eventually. Social cognitive theory is learning the interrelationship between behavior, personal factors, and environmental factors. The learner gains knowledge as his or her environment merges with personal characteristics and personal experiences. Teachers can easily manipulate a classroom environment to capture the social cognitive theory. The classroom should promote positive aspects of socialization, reinforce model behavior of students, incorporate cooperative learning activities, and provide differentiated tasks.
These three perspectives can aid in achievement of students in the classroom. Certain activities and lesson plans help to determine which learning perspective a teacher desires or may believe works. All three learning perspectives are different, yet have some similarities and help to form a richer concept of human learning. The main goal of any learning perspectives is promoting student’s self-regulation.
Social Studies- Learn about diversity Reading- Use sight words to recognize and read...