This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Learning In The Early Years Essay

1304 words - 6 pages

Learning in the Early Years

This assignment identifies they key ideas and work of Margaret
McMillan, Maria Montession, Rudolph Steiner and Fredrich Froebel. To
discuss how those early educators have influenced current early years
practice and to identify to ways in which current provision and
practice is influenced by the work of the early educators.

Margaret McMillan (1860 - 1931)

Margaret McMillan believed in active learning through first-hand
experiences and emphasised feelings and relationships aswel as
physical aspects of movement and learning. She believed that children
become whole people through play. She thought play helps them to apply
...view middle of the document...

Early years settings give opportunities for
children's physical, social, imaginative and creative play and
encourage expression of feelings. Active learning is encouraged
through provision of a wide range of materials and equipment. Margaret
McMillan's views on the nursery school as a community are followed
through today as parents are invited into schools and seen as partners
in the care and education of their children. School meals and medical
services are now an accepted part of provision.

Maria Montessori (1870 - 1952)

Maria Montessori was a doctor who spent a lot of her life observing
children especially those with special needs. To Maria Montessori
children are seen as active learners who go through sensitive periods
in their development when they are more open to learning particular
shills and concepts. Montessori did not think there was a need for
adult correction. Children are seen not seen as part of a community
but work largely on their own in a quiet and peaceful environment of
total concentration. Little parental evolvement is encouraged. Maria
Montessori did not see the point in play; she did not encourage
children to have their own ideas until they had worked through all her
graded learning sequences: she did not believe that they were able to
do free drawing or creative work of any kind until they had done this.
Maria Montessori designed a set of what she called didactic materials
which encouraged children to use their hands. Her approach moved
children through simple to complex exercises. For her, the highest
moment in a child's learning was what she called 'the polarisation of
the attention'. This is when the child is completely silent and
absorbed in what they are doing.

Mainstream provision sees the child as an active learner and some of
Maria Montessori's ideas and materials are used, such as particular
shapes, e.g. small, medium and large shapes. Although Maria Montessori
believed that children should work alone and that this would help the
children to become independent learners, the mainstream practice would
not usually leave children to work through activities alone but
encourages group work and intervention by adults to scaffold the
learning process.

Rudolph Steiner (1861 - 1925)

Steiner believed in childhood as being a special phase of life and
that the children need a protected environment where all-round
development can take place. Rudolph Steiner emphasised the spiritual,
moral, social, artistic and creative and the need to care for each
other. He did not emphasise what is taught but how and when. He
believed that young children need to be protected from formal learning
and learn through imaginative and creative play using simple tasks and
activities with natural materials. To Rudolph Steiner what the child
eats and the symbolic...

Other Papers Like Learning In The Early Years

Health, Hygiene & Nutrition in |Early Years

2034 words - 9 pages curriculum framework for children from birth to six years, these frameworks build strong links between care and education in early years and provide information for adults to help them plan for and provide enjoyable and challenging learning experiences. Ultimately early childhood care and education must support children’s sense of wellbeing; both Aistear and Siolta are based on principles of early learning and development which provide for the

Strategies for the Early Learning Classroom

917 words - 4 pages Strategies for the Early Learning Classroom Elizabeth Garcia Founder and Head of School, Discovery Day Academy, America Achieves Fellow A marble rolls down a ramp, and children cheer as it reaches the target they have adjusted numerous times. After a small-group reading of Frog and Toad, children gather in a community of inquiry to discuss the nature of being scared and brave at the same time. In an adjacent area, two children

Eymp3-5 Understand How to Ensure Children in Their Early Years Receive High

1823 words - 8 pages EYMP3-5.1 Identify balanced meals, snacks and drinks for children in their early years, following current government guidance on nutritional needs. Children should be encouraged to eat a varied diet. Setting a schedule for meals and snacks will help keep the children satisfied through the day and avoid them asking at various hours for food. They should eat foods from each of the five main food groups every day. The five main food groups are: 1

Changes in Attitude Over the Years

976 words - 4 pages Changes in Attitude Over the Years Imagine walking down the street one day, only to be smiled at and happily greeted by each and every person you encountered. Life in the 1930s was just like this. Towns were small and everyone knew one another. Now imagine walking down a crowded, traffic-filled street, only to be pushed aside, ignored, or ridiculed. Life in the 1980s, and today, is like this. Towering skyscrapers and large houses cover the

The Struggle For Peace In Early Rome

1743 words - 7 pages forum: Rome was no longer simply just a small city-state in central Italy, it was Italy. By the early 2nd century BC, Rome had shown its control over all of Italy. In the first Punic war against Carthage between 264 and 241 BC Rome had acquired dominance over Sicily from Carthage, and had maintained its superiority to Carthage in the Second Punic War against Hannibal. (Camden) We also begin finally to see the change of the Roman republic to a state

Learning in the 20th Century

2354 words - 10 pages Ever since the earliest hominid knew something he wanted to share, the human race has been in an eternal struggle to find slightly more effective ways of conveying knowledge and skills. Thousands of years of evolution, Ancient Greece society notwithstanding, culminated in the invention of the ruler, which was not only a tool to measure the dimension of various objects, but it also doubled as a form of negative reinforcement to incentivize

To What Extent Did Royal Authority Decline in the Years in the Years 1547-1558

1714 words - 7 pages To what extent did Royal authority decline in the years 1547-1558? (45 marks) The years of 1547-58 have been quite commonly known as the mid-Tudor crisis; therefore this question is asking us, was there a mid-Tudor crisis? Historians such as A.F Pollard and W.R.D Jones believe that yes there was a crisis occurring in the mid-Tudor period which may have had an adverse effect on Royal authority. The view was that there was a crisis in face of

The Number of Rhinoceros Decreases 90% in 40 Years

628 words - 3 pages most endangered species lists, including Asia's only remaining Javan rhino and the Sumatran rhino is one of them . Rhinos survive on Earth more than 500 million years, is one of the most primitive animals. It can not be overlooked is that also a habitat for a large number of rhinos in this piece of land in China. People been living in the mountains of southern China, the Indian rhino, Javan rhinoceros and Sumatran rhinos are collectively

What I Hope to Achieve in the Next Ten Years

2558 words - 11 pages , and the mother is conscious, then she has the right to choose who live; the father, doctor, or government have no say in it. But there is no way of a mother’s life being in danger while pregnant, it is very very rare. So they basically abort because they do not care about having a child. They do it because they say they are not ready to be mothers. It is either too early in their lives for them to have a child, or they are simply not made out to

Leading the Distance Learning in Uae

2593 words - 11 pages online. It is yet very important to understand: Why educational institutions might embrace distance learning? 1) Expanding access: distance education can assist in meeting the demand for education and training demand from the general populace and businesses, especially because it offers the possibility of a flexibility to accommodate the many time-constraints imposed by personal responsibilities and commitments. 2) Alleviate capacity

Expansionism In The Late 19th/ Early 20th Century

726 words - 3 pages cost. This was prevalent in both cases of expansion as the Americans risked war and national safety for the sake of gaining land, or even merely for proving a point. During the early years of expansion, the Americans had pushed aside the Native Americans and whoever else inhabited the land they wanted. They believed that the land was rightfully theirs and that every one else was merely squatting on their territory. This idea was continued into the

Related Essays

Early Years And Learning Essay

667 words - 3 pages could affect their speech and communication and may make them feel they are unable to join in with other children’s games if they can’t communicate properly with them. Visual impairment can also influence a Childs development they are unable to watch and learn from what others are doing. Learning difficulties A child with learning problems may be many developmental years behind their peers; this will have a big impact on what they can do in all

1.1.1 Outline Early Years Curriculum Models Supporting Children's Care, Learning And Development

863 words - 4 pages 1.1.1 Outline early years curriculum models supporting children's care, learning and development. When planning the activities for the setting, focus must be placed on the curriculum in order to ensure that all areas of learning are covered for the children in our care. The Early Years Foundation Phase is a statutory framework that sets out standards for the learning, development and care of children from birth to five. The framework is

Parenting In Early Years Essay

917 words - 4 pages toddlers’ brains are more flexible with regard to learning to understand and use language than are older children’s brains. Children are ready and open to develop certain things during specific stages; they need proper environmental stimuli to develop these abilities. For example, babies have the ability to grow in length and weight in amazing amounts during the first year, but if thy’re not fed and nurtured enough during that time, they will not

Monitoring Children In Early Years Essay

1993 words - 8 pages , www.abilitynet.org.uk/ 2. www.bdadyslexia.org.uk 3. www.afasic.org.uk/ 4. www.rnib.org.uk 5. https://www.thecommunicationtrust.org.uk 6. Child Development and illustrated guide. Carolyn Meggitt 7. The Early Years: Foundations for life, health and learning. Independent Report by Dame Claire Tickell