Leadership Theories Essay

1246 words - 5 pages

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Different people have come up with several definitions to the term leadership. Leadership may be said to be a social process influences, by way of controlling, motivating and actual leading of other people to pursue a duty or a task. There are various theories that have come up with the study of leadership. These theories look into different traits carried by leadership such as power, charisma, involvements among others. Different theories speak of different styles of leadership each with their own merits and demerits.
Authoritative leadership can also be called autocratic ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, leaders should have this in mind when dealing with people for it to be well effective.
It is, however, difficult to have a balance between implementing this leadership and keeping up the morale of the work team. It is very easy to become dictatorial with this leadership. Showing respect to the team is one way of implementing autocratic leadership effectively. Clear definition of roles also provides the working guidelines for both parties. Consistency in the form of leadership is important for effectiveness. An autocratic leader should learn to listen even if he or she does not act. An authoritative leader should look deeply into policy before implementing them. Checking on these factors ensures good application of this leadership and gives a good balance between morale and implementation.
Merits of autocratic leadership are that; decisions can be implemented fast, and in a timely manner, it gets things done more as required, the team focuses on undertaking the lying tasks other than making decisions (Lewin, Liipir, & White, 1939).
Downsides to this leadership are; leaders tend to be dictatorial and cause resentments within the team, people may feel left out if they may not be involved in decision-making, the lack of involvement of the team may not bring out the best of ideas, and this affects performance (Miley, 2007).
Democratic leadership can also be referred to as participative leadership. Participative leadership is open and very motivational, unlike autocratic leadership (Boulter, 2010). Leadership receives ideas from the team, discuss and act on them. This leadership can be appropriate in open and dynamic environments, where new ideas have to be implemented often to keep the team up. It involves a lot of communication and discussion between the leader and the team (Amabile & Khaire, 2008).
Democratic leadership can be used in a fast-paced environment. It brings out the best of all involved parties. It enhances professionalism and innovation as people have room for sharing ideas (Isaksen, 2007). Leaders who exercise this leadership are usually open minded, flexible and encouraging, and this falls back as motivation to subordinates, and this goes a long way to enhance good performance.
Democratic leadership can be used in advertising, consultancy, education and many other service industries because of its fast-paced nature and constant need for new ideas.
For a leader to be effective, they have to; be open to communication, welcome and respect new ideas and discussion, be ready to commit and act, be guiding alongside being open.
Some of the merits of democratic leadership are; the team has a feel of been involved in the undertakings; leaders are able to act on the best ideas from the team and it leads to productivity more than other types of leadership (Adams & Adams, 2009).
Some of the demerits are; decision making under this leadership may be...

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