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Leadership Of Abraham Lincoln Essay

3958 words - 16 pages

The Leadership of Abraham Lincoln
Phillip Bullington
High Performance Leadership
Term Paper
2/12/15

Table of Contents

Table of Contents 2
Introduction 3
Leader 4
Power & Influence 4
Ethics & Values 6
Attributes 6
Behavior 8
Followers 9
Motivation 9
Satisfaction & Performance 9
Groups 10
The Rocket Model 10
Situation 11
Situational Levels 11
Emancipation Proclamation 12
Death 13
Conclusion 13
References 14

Introduction
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States of America. Abraham was born on February 12, 1809 to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks. He grew up in both Kentucky and Indiana as the son of a farmer ...view middle of the document...

Between the election of Lincoln as President and his inauguration, seven states seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America (McPherson, 2000). It was at this point that Lincoln’s leadership skills were truly put on display for the world to see. The next four years would be all that was necessary to cement his place as one of the greatest leaders in history.
Leader
Lincoln has been regarded as one of the greatest leaders in American history for his work as the President. Lincoln became President during a time of turmoil and mended a broken country back together. During this time he ended the Civil War and passed the Emancipation Proclamation. He did so by continuing to lead in the face of adversity while maintain conviction in his beliefs. Lincoln was unafraid of a challenge and it was his will as well as other leadership qualities that shaped America into what it is today.
Power & Influence
While power is the capacity to produce effects on others, influence can be defined as the change in a target agent’s attitudes, values, beliefs, or behaviors as the result of influence tactics (Hughes, 2012). Lincoln undoubtedly had legitimate power as the President of the United States and in 1861 acted for nearly three months without congressional authorization when mobilizing troops to respond to the Confederate’s attack on Fort Sumter. Lincoln also required the use of referent power and reward power. Lincoln held referent power as a result of his deep convictions to end slavery. Lincoln saw that people were and essential ingredient in the perception of power and was known to surround himself with cabinet members that would not only support his ideas but fight them as well. Reward power became useful for Lincoln amidst the defeat of the Confederates near the end of the war. He used reward power to make deals with many Confederate generals in return for the end of the war. As a result, Lincoln was willing to pardon the high ranking officers of the Confederate Army which was met with dislike from many of the Union supporters who felt they deserved punishment.
Influence was the primary tactic that Lincoln wished to employ to achieve his goals. Various type of influence tactics were used by Lincoln:
* Rational Persuasion: The first approach to any problem for Lincoln was to use persuasion. He disliked giving imperious orders and believed that persuading other to compromise whenever possible was the best course of action. He exemplified this in eventually gaining the amount of votes in congress to pass the Emancipation Proclamation which required appealing to many Congressmen from the southern states.
* Inspirational Appeals: Lincoln aroused enthusiasm in regard to bringing together a divided nation. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is known as one of the greatest speeches in history yet was only 273 words in length. During this speech he discussed the principles of human equality in the Declaration of...

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