Table of Contents
1. Introduction 3
2. Mandela’s Journey 4
3. Transformative Leadership 11
a. Transformational Leadership 12
b. Charismatic Leadership 13
c. Level 5 Leadership 14
d. Principle Centered Leadership 14
e. Servant Leadership 15
f. Conventional Leadership 16
4. Leadership Lessons 17
g. Magnanimity Inspires 17
h. Education is Key 18
i. Quitting is leading 19
5. Conclusion ...view middle of the document...
For the purpose of this paper, the distinct variance of whether Mandela was a freedom fighter or a terrorist will not be examined, but may make for an interesting distinction. This paper will ultimately determine Mandela’s leadership qualities and styles to conclude whether Mandela can be seen as a prominent and effective leader.
Born on 18 July 1918, in the small village of Mvezo, Transkei in South Africa, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela has become a household name in the fight for equality. Mandela was a Xhosa born into the royal family of the Thembu tribe, wherein, after the death of Mandela’s father, Henry Mgadla Mandela, Mandela was to be groomed to assume the position of High chief in his village. Given the ever-changing environment of affairs, such as the oppression by the white South African’s and the ongoing feud with the Zulu tribe, Mandela’s rise to High Chief was cut short.
In 1939, Mandela, always striving for education, enrolled and attended the Fort Hare University, wherein he studied for a Bachelor of Arts. Mandela did not complete this degree, as he ran away to Johannesburg in order to relieve himself of an arranged marriage.
In 1943, Mandela enrolled at the University of Witwatersrand to undertake a Bachelor of Laws. Shortly after enrolling in university, Mandela joined the political party, the African National Congress (ANC), however, was unhappy with the old leadership within the ANC and thus in September 1944, assisted in forming the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL).
By 1948, Mandela was heavily invested in the plight of his people and given his strong work ethic and values; Mandela was rising in the ranks of the ANCYL. In this same year, by general election, the Nationalist-Afrikaner Party coalition won the election on the platform of apartheid. Three years later this coalition formed Die Nasionale Party (the National Party) (Marquard, 1962). This all-white election encouraged the need for progress by the ANCYL, wherein they developed non-violent policies. These policies were soon seen to be the way forward and thus were adopted by the ANC in 1948. The ANCYL and ANC promoted peaceful demonstrations throughout the late 1940’s and 1950’s.
In 1951, the ANCYL formed an alliance with the Transvaal Indian Congress (TIC) and attempted to organize a work stoppage on 26 June 1951. This work stoppage was only partially effective, given the fear imposed by white supervisors on individuals. Shortly after this work stoppage, Mandela was elected as the President of the ANCYL. Together with the ANC, on 26 June 1952, the ANCYL adopted a new campaign named the Defiance of Unjust Laws Campaign. This campaign formed or caused the mergence of the ANCYL and the ANC and thus Mandela was soon elected President of the Transvaal division of the ANC. Through the emergence of a new leader, being Mandela, actions were taken against Mandela and on 30 July 1952 Mandela was arrested for violating the...