Leadership In Management And The "Great Man' Theory

589 words - 3 pages

Leadership in top management and organisations for centuries have fascinated humankind and even gathering more storm as organisations continually change in structure either through merger and acquisition, joint ventures, etc. 21st century organizations require good leadership to revitalise and survive in today’s highly competitive market; which is also critically important to nations. (Boloden, R., Gosling, J., Marlushro, A. and Dennson, P. :Leadership Theory and Competency).

There has been various theories on leadership by leading management scholars attempting to review, explain and define leadership. Cole (1996, p.51) defines leadership as a “dynamic process in a group whereby one ...view middle of the document...

However subsequent theories; based on skill, style, situation/context,... and more questioned this assertion, arguing that qualities, behaviours and competencies can be learnt and/or acquired over time. (Bolden, R....: What is Leadership Development? Purpose & Practice). Robert Katz in 1955, elaborated on skill approach to leadership which recognises that leaders should posses technical, human and conceptual skill. Research shows about 80% of leadership traits are learnt as a craft on the job(Mostovicz, E. I., Kakabadse , N. K., Kakabadse, A. P.,2009; A dynamic theory of leadership development)
Behaviourist theory, due to lack of established measurement tool for traits, concentrates on human relationships, along with output and performance. McGregor also examines the autocratic style leader, whose behaviour is characterised by believes that human beings inherently dislike work, avoids responsibility and less ambition, must be coerced, controlled and directed to achieve organizational objectives. While a participative style, believes within right conditions, people learn not only to...

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