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Leadership In A Company Essay

1319 words - 6 pages

LA FUNCION DE UN LÍDER
Desde los días bíblicos, se ha necesitado de una persona que guie a un grupo de personas hacia la victoria. Igual que en los viejos tiempos, las grandes organizaciones de la actualidad necesitan de individuos que guíen los esfuerzos de los grupos de colaboradores hacia el logro de metas y objetivos. Un buen líder debe desempeñar eficazmente su función para que la empresa sobreviva. El deber del líder es guiar las acciones de los demás para que realicen las tareas.
Responsabilidades del Líder
Siempre existirán varios enfoques sobre los tipos de liderazgo, cada uno con su propia perspectiva sobre cuáles son las responsabilidades. Sin embargo, hay ciertas ...view middle of the document...

Existen dos teorías sobre las fuentes de autoridad de un líder.
La primera teoría, la tradicional, dice que el líder que se escoja debe ser en base a su capacidad y deseo de servir. Este líder recibe la autoridad de su superior inmediato quien a su vez ha recibido autoridad de una línea superior. Este tipo de autoridad es conocida como autoridad de arriba hacia abajo. La segunda teoría se conoce como la teoría de la aceptación, que dice que los lideres son seleccionados por los que llegaran a ser sus subordinados. Para ser seleccionado, el líder debe ser respetado y admirado por sus compañeros ya sea por su forma de ser o por sus valores. En esta ultima teoría, los colaboradores ven la necesidad de una guía, por lo cual empiezan a analizar a todos los candidatos posibles. Al líder se le es más fácil guiar cuando recibe el apoyo de los colaboradores. Es por esto que la última teoría es la más funcional, porque desde un inicio el líder tuvo el respeto de los demás.

Criterios para seleccionar al líder
Es el deber de los altos mandos escoger entre todos los candidatos de la organización quien es la persona más capaz para cumplir con la función de líder. Estos candidatos deben cumplir con ciertos criterios para tomar en cuenta quien es la mejor opción. Los criterios son los siguientes:
I. Disposición para asumir responsabilidad: el líder debe tomar en cuenta que su rol también asume una cierta extensión de su líder superior. Al aceptar el puesto, tiene que tener en mente que es posible que fracase y ese fracaso es en gran parte culpa de el. El líder debe querer este rol, ya que la responsabilidad es mucha.
II. La capacidad para ser perceptivo: el líder tiene que contar con mucha percepción para poder descubrir debilidades, ambiciones y aciertos de sus colaboradores y también de el mismo. También debe saber distinguir entre lo verdadero y lo falso y lo bueno y lo malo.
III. La capacidad para ser objetivo: es muy importante que el líder tenga la capacidad de considerar los problemas de forma racional, impersonal e imparcial. Esta capacidad se refiera a poder separar las emociones y lo personal del trabajo.
IV. Capacidad para establecer las prioridades adecuadas: debe contar con la habilidad de poder distinguir cuales son las cosas realmente importantes y cuáles no.
V. Capacidad para comunicar: el líder debe saber transmitir y recibir información en forma útil. Con una buena comunicación, se le es más fácil todas las responsabilidades.
Tipos de Liderazgo
Los tipos de líderes que existen se pueden definir según sus deberes, responsabilidades y compromisos. En base a esto, se han escogido tres tipos básicos de lideres.
I. El líder autócrata
Es el que asume al cien por ciento todas las responsabilidades de las tomas de decisiones. El inicia las acciones, dirige, motiva y controla. Este tipo de líder piensa que solo él es competente y capaz de tomar decisiones importantes y por eso toma una posición tan solida y...

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