LEADERSHIP THEORIES TO SUPPORT COLLEGE’S ORGANIZATIONAL DIRECTION |
1. Introduction: 2
2. Types of Leadership Theories 2
1. Trait Theories 2
2. Behavioral Theories 2
3. Contingency Theory 2
4. Integrative Leadership Theory 3
3. Behavioral Theory 3
3.1. Coercive 3
3.2. Authoritative 3
3.3. Affiliative 3
3.4. Democratic 3
3.5. Pacesetting 4
3.6. Coaching 4
4. Leadership Theory at Intel: 5
5. Emotional Intelligence 7
5.1 Johari Window Model 9
5.1.1 Johari Window and Emotional Intelligence (EQ) 10
5.1.2 The Interpretation 11
6. Applicability to support Organizational Goals 11
7. Conclusion 13
8. Bibliography 14
9. Appendices 15
Emotional Intelligence Competencies include self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation and social skill (Goleman, 2000). The leadership styles that will be discussed in this report make use of these key components but in different combinations.
2. Types of Leadership Theories
The most prominent leadership theories are:
1. Trait Theories: these theories attempt to explain distinctive characteristics accounting for effective leadership. If a leader has certain characteristics then it doesn’t mean that they are leaders because there are some people who possess similar characteristics but are not leaders.
2. Behavioral Theories: Explains distinctive styles used by effective leaders.
3. Contingency Theory: attempts to explain appropriate leadership style based on the leader, follower and the situation.
4. Integrative Leadership Theory: Combination of trait, behavioral and contingency theories to explain successful, influencing leader –follower relationships (Achua & Lussier, 2010).
In this report we are going to concentrate mainly on the behavioral theory which is what Intel College has adapted and in specific looking at different leadership styles that fall under this category.
We think this theory is the best for use here as it focuses on a leader having a vision then working towards meeting this vision (Bryman, 1992). If compared with other theories like the trait theory which concentrates on building personal traits or the contingency theory that believes that different scenarios require different traits, the behavioral theory stands out as it has various adaptations in terms of style and from which the traits can be honed and a specific leadership style picked out which will to some extent adapt to the above leadership theories
3. Behavioral Theory
Here, the leader takes the “Do what I say” approach. Leaders use tactics like punishments or withholding of rewards to influence compliance. Employees therefore are left with no choice but to do as requested from fear of being reprimanded, dismissed or being suspended. (Achua & Lussier, 2010).
An authoritative leader takes the “Come with me” approach. He or she states the overall goal but gives people freedom to choose their own means of achieving it (Goleman, 2000).
The leader here uses the “People come first” attitude hence creating positive relationships with the followers. Followers in this scenario like their leader so will do as he or she says. Amongst the characteristics of this theory are very loyal followers, freely share information, feedback is given constantly and they have high trust.
In this form of leadership the leader involves inputs by followers and there is high participation. The leader accepts input from followers and acts on value input. Trust is also a major feature of this style.
This type of leadership involves the leader setting performance standards...