There are lots of definitions and interpretations for the term LEADERSHIP. One is “A relationship through which one person influences the behavior or actions of other people” (Mullins, L.J. 2002, Management and Organizational Behavior, 6th Edition, FT Publishing, p904). Another popular definition would be, “the process of influencing an organization or groups within an organization in its efforts towards achieving a goal” (Johnson, Scholes & Whittington, 2005, Exploring Corporate Strategy, 7th Edition, FT Prentice Hall, p.519)
Leadership Theories on Behavior
To me, leaders are constantly surrounding us. People constantly ...view middle of the document...
They create communities out of words.” (Bennis Warren, An Invented Life: Reflections on Leadership and Change, Reading, Mass, Addison-Wesly, 1993)
The Traits theory, otherwise known as the Great Man theory, is the origination of leadership theories. This theory believes that there is a unique set of qualities for a leader, mainly: his intelligence and ability to judge, his knowledge power, self-confidence and dependability, his sociability and adaptability, lastly, his popularity status. Thus, it is believed that leaders are born and not made while managers are made and not born. We shall reflect the above theories in two great leaders: Sir Winston Churchill and Adolf Hitler.
Their Similarities in Behavior
Sir Winston Churchill and Adolf Hitler have many similar qualities; these qualities enabled them to be most influential people of their time. Churchill and Hitler are both very determined and modest; they worked tirelessly for their countries and causes they represent. Both have an eye for details, Churchill would require an extensive walkthrough of the departments under his lead for every new post he takes up, while Hitler had an incredible memory for details, every point made must be correct and consistent with previous briefings or he would be annoyed with the discrepancies. They are intelligent, excellent public speakers and most importantly, they have the self-belief and confidence to continue to fight for their cause (both reasons are at the extreme of each other). Their confidences were not influenced by their failures.
Their Differences in Behavior
Adolf Hitler had motivated thousands of people to action for his cause. He inspired powerful emotional loyalty in his followers – the loyalty that spawned the intense effort and sacrifice among his followers. Hitler’s ideas may have been illogical but the fact is he convinced people that these were ideas worth listening and living for. He has charisma, confidence and excellent speaking skills to make people believe in him and his cause. In fact, the extent of his self-believe and confidence is unbelievable; he has little room for doubt concerning his own greatness – he believes he can never be wrong.
Churchill lacks charisma, however, he more than made up for it with his inspiration and vision, and his anticipations of changes to come were uncanny. As a writer, he wrote about the future of nuclear weapons and how warfare would change – 20 years before WWII. Sir Winston was also a great innovator and has a great appetite for change –at that era, the structure of British Government is based on collective decision making which slows decision-making process, thus to produce effective actions and prompt decisions, he organized his administrative structure with specific functions and responsibility assigned, streamlining his departments and shrinking numerous committees. Churchill was never afraid of...