Leadership has gained more attention of researchers from the whole world. Leadership is needed to corporations because it could bring extra assets to organizations and increase the line of bottom ultimately. There is a wide variety of theoretical approaches to analysis the complexities process of leadership.
The essay will introduce three main leadership approaches: Trait approach, Situational & Contingency approach and Transformational approach. These approaches have their similarities and distinction. Compare and contrast these three research strands and critically discuss what they contribute to our understanding of leadership effectiveness. Discuss with example to ...view middle of the document...
(Northouse P.G 2013) The second strength of the trait approach is that there has a measure of credibility is given by a century of research to back it up. It has the breadth and depth of studies which are the lack of other approaches. (Northouse P.G 2013) Another strength is that trait approach are more conceptual in natural than others, which results it highlights the leader component in the leadership process — only devote leaders. Focusing exclusively on the role of the leader could provide a deeper and more intricate understanding of the personality of leaders which are related to the leadership process. (Northouse P.G 2013) Leader benchmarks are a kind of strength for trait approach. It identifies what traits organizations are looking for and whether these traits are the best traits for leadership. Also, trait approach shows that the strengths and weakness and ways to improve the overall leadership effectiveness. (Northouse P.G 2013)
* Limitation of The Trait Approach
Firstly, over the past 100 years, the findings of trait approach have been ambiguous and uncertain, which could results the failure of it to delimit a definitive list of leadership traits. (Northouse P.G 2013) Secondly, it is failed to choose leaders in different situations, which means it’s difficult to segregate a series of traits that are characteristic of leaders without factoring situational effects as well in to equation. (Northouse P.G 2013) Highly subjective determinations is one of limitation for the trait approach, it cannot help leadership be efficiency. (Northouse P.G 2013) Finally, researchers are failing to look at traits in relationship to leadership outcomes, which means it is weak in describing how the outcomes of groups and teams in organization settings are affected by leader’s traits. (Northouse P.G 2013)
2. Situational & Contingency Approach
The situational leadership model focus on leadership in situations, which means leaders who want to being more effective requires adapting personal leadership style to the demands of different situations. Both a directive and a supportive dimension behavior are required by the leader use to match the readiness of others to perform specific tasks. (Hersey P. 1985) A leader must evaluate how competent and committed the subordinates and assess are to perform a given task, then leaders change the degree to which they are directive or supportive to meet the changing needs of subordinates. (Northouse P.G 2013)
Figure 1: Situational Leadership II
Source: From Leadership and the One Minute Manager: Increasing Effectiveness Through Situational Leadership, by K. Blanchard, P. Zigarmi, and D. Zigarmi, 1985 New York: William Morrow.
The dynamics of situational leadership are best understood when the SLII model are separated into two parts: leadership style and development level of subordinates.
* S1 is called a directing style, which means a high directive- low supportive style....