What appears to be the key elements of team effectiveness? In particular consider the importance of leadership in teams and reflect critically on your own leadership
Effective team working is an essential ingredient for organisational success. Successful teams can help transform an organisation, increase outputs and deliver on organisational objectives.
Gorman (1998) argues that the composition of teams, how ...view middle of the document...
Interpersonal relationships are the glue that creates trust, collaboration and connection within the team. Blunden (2002 ) points out that our ability to connect, interact, net work, work with, persuade, listen engage, serve, pay attention and get to know others are vital tools in a team. Furthermore process and procedures are rules which govern behaviour and expectations and the consequences when standard are not met (Adair, 2009). However, some school of thought believes that providing members of a team with the opportunity to learn, stretch their skills and knowledge, as well as giving them authority and autonomy to achieve the team’s goals and objective are vital elements of team effectiveness (West, 2004).
West (2004) stress that for a team to perform at is utmost best it is important for the team to have clear team goals with inbuilt performance feedback, he also stresses further that where people are set clear targets at to aim at their performance is generally improved.
However, Locke and Latham (1991) cited in West (2004) states that goals can only function as a motivator if accurate performance feedback is available. I concur with the above statement because I was able to see the practical example of how effective accurate feedback worked in a team I worked. Our manager used the two way communication approach within the team, she was willing to offer constructive and reasoned responses (Gully and Dallas, 2010).This motivated the staff members, improved patient care and have impacted on my own leadership. Hence, I try to give timely and reasoned feed back to my team and listen carefully to the feedback I get from the team. Adair (2007) explains that the more accurate the feedback is, the more likely a team improves its performance.
Mcshane & Tavaglione (2007) expound the notion that clearly define roles makes sure that every person on the team has the opportunity and obligation to contribute this resonates with the Tuckman’s forming, norming, performing and adjourning model of team development. Tuckman explains that these phases are all important and inevitable for teams to be effective, the storming stage is said to be where the team members compete for various team roles and form coalitions in an attempt to influence team goals and behaviour (Allan Chapman, 2013).
Belbin in line With Tuckman’s theory, identified the importance of establishing roles within teams, designated during the storming stage of team development. He attest to the fact that define roles provide the members with voice and responsibility in regards to working towards goals, and comfort in the sense they can identify their place within the team. Roles aid providing structure to team activities which Belbin has outlined in his team role theory, which consists of nine roles derived from specific personality Characteristics. Belbin emphasised that, people have a natural preference for a particular role and that all 9 roles must be engaged...