Social Legislation in a Welfare State
Need of Social Legislation:
1. Social Legislation is for social change
2. Social Legislation is leads to social welfare
3. Social Legislation set-up for the development of the society
Social Legislation in a Welfare State:
State Intervention is required to safe guard mutual rights & duties. Social Legislation especially in a adjustable instrument, stratifying the requirement of an ever changing society.
According to Oliver Wendell, “Legislation of today is to meet the social needs of yesterday.”
Nature of Legislation in Welfare State:
1. Women welfare
2. Child welfare
3. Schedule caste development
4. Welfare ...view middle of the document...
Schedule Caste development:
The Ministry of social justice & empowerment is the nodal ministry that overseas the interest of the schedule caste. Besides this the national commission has been set-up to look-after the interest of SCs & STs under article 338.
To achieve their social development to protect them from exploitation, the protection of Civil Rights Act, 1995, the SC & ST Act 1989 were enacted.
Article 330 for reservation of SC & ST, Article 15 for abolition of untouchablity are ensured by the legislation.
Welfare of OBC :
In 1990, after a long deliberation of the recommendation of Mandal Commission, it’s decided for reservation of 27% for OBC in Civil Services.
In 2008, Budget Session the OBC Reservation Bill was remaining as a main topic to discuss.
The National Commission for OBC was set-up on 14th August 1993, which is working for the development & betterment of the Other Backward Classes. In 2008, under Budget Planning, Government planned for 27% of reservation for OBC in higher education with the amount of 875 crore.
Welfare of disable person:
The Comprehensive Law namely the equal opportunity, protection of rights & full participation act-1995 has been enacted & enforced in February 1996.
The Mental Health Act 1987 & Lapers Act 1898 are working for the prevention & promotional aspects of...