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Latin America Social Inequality And Poverty

3522 words - 15 pages

Social Inequality and Poverty in Latin America

“Latin America has moved from paradise to poverty as a result of historical patterns that have developed over the years” (Charlip 2011 p.1) Throughout this semester we have completely dove into the Latin American society. We’ve been introduced to culture, history, economics, politics, and all the factors that have shaped the Latin American society to what it is. Throughout all the readings and papers on Latin America it’s been established that, like all society’s, this one isn’t perfect and is in fact far from ideal. Latin America is well known for it’s poverty stricken lands and high rise of social inequality. The United ...view middle of the document...

”(Charlip 2011 p.1) The Three countries that this study will focus on are Brazil, Costa Rica, and Chile. This study will dive into these separate countries and their struggles with social inequality, poverty, how it came to be, and all the factors that contributed. These issues have yet to be resolved and some have even worsened over the years. “By the nineteenth century, Latin America was considered “backward.” In the twentieth century, the region was described as “under-developed,” “Third World,” or simply “impoverished.” In the twenty-first century, Latin America is the region of the greatest inequality in the world.” (Charlip 2011 p.1) Charlip author of, Latin America an Interpretive History, exploits the harsh conditions and unfairness the Latin American society has unfortunately been cursed with. Before Europeans ever came over and forced their beliefs and ways of life upon the indigenous people of Latin America, these people had their own beliefs and just like the population varied with all types of different cultures their beliefs and ways of life differed as well. Than we had power-houses come and take over, changing Latin America, some countries took to it well and others didn’t. We will dive into some of those countries and
Latin America has one of the highest variances geographically in the world, according to Charlip. This country has vast amount of land and is rich in natural resources. This unfortunately was a downfall for Latin America because once the Europeans came over they only wanted to exploit these resources and began trade to help their countries continue to develop. It was all about the haciendas in Latin America, who owned the most land, who cultivated it the best and who had to most production from the land. Brazil is the largest country of Latin America and is plentiful in natural resources. When the Portuguese came over to Brazil with their monarchy ways, they saw the potential for economic development and wanted to begin production and trade. The Brazilian elites who were living a very comfortable life thought that why have land if we aren’t putting it to use and making into money. The immigration of Portuguese people kicked the indigenous people out and forced to move to rural areas. These indigenous people also were forced into labor so those of higher social standings could prosper. The Portuguese attempts to colonize Brazil only brought problems, “Third governor genral of Brazil, Mem de Sa, confided to the king, “This land ought not and cannot be ruled by the laws and customs of Portugal; if Your Highness was not quick to pardon, it would be difficult to colonize Brazil.””(Charlip 2011 p. 46) Social inequality was already on an uprise, the people of the land were being kicked off their land that was apart of their daily survival and replaced with ideas of modernization, nationalism and industrialization. “The two key elements of the Spanish American economy--precious metals...

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