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Landfills An Environment Problems Essay

1289 words - 6 pages

The Landfills and Environmental Problems
SCIE210 – 1303B – 10
American InterContinental University
09/22/2013

Abstract
This paper will talk about what are an open dump and the problems with it. It will also talk about the early landfills and also the problem with. I will include leachate, methane, incomplete decomposition, and settling. It talks the modern landfill and the differences, and the improvement of landfills. It will also discuss the landfill I chosen and the innovation that is implemented, and what will reduce the environmental problems.

Introduction:
Solid waste is discarded garbage other than fluids. In the United States in 1996, almost 210 million tons o and 4.3 lb. ...view middle of the document...

In an open dump there could be polluted in streams, lakes and rives. Also the soil and the drinking water can be contaminated from an open dump, and also an open dump can lower the quality of life in nearby resident and the community (kankakeehelth.org, 2010).
What are early landfills and the problems in early landfills?
In the 1960’s, the amount of garbage was inclined of by burning in an open dump. It decreases the amount of garbage and extended the dump’s life span and the trash don’t burn as well, the furnaces were use to burn the waste completely. The problems with early landfills were a risk on people health. There was a risk for development of abnormalities, low birth weights, and cancer. The exposure to methane and other gases are released into the air from early landfills, as the organic matter decomposes is especially presumed of creating such problems. Women are more likely at higher risk of stomach and cervical cancer that staying nearby an early landfill and men are even greater risk of stomach, liver, and prostate cancer. Also another risk with early landfills is the groundwater contamination poses other main risk, such as, paints, batteries, and cleaners that can directly leak into underground aquifers used for drinking water. The leachate management had plenty of lower restriction on kinds of objects that were dumped, so there were no methane management and the incomplete decomposition, and settling was excessive because only a small amount of waste were being recycled (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 2011).
What are modern landfills and the differences between an early landfill?
The modern landfill is a bigger area that is built to just receiving waste. In today’s landfill is different from the older landfill. The modern landfills are established and utilized to strict environmental principle that includes liners to protect groundwater. The difference in the newer landfill is that the waste energy facilities accept solid waste and burning at very high temperatures that is producing heat, which were converted into water. Another modern landfill in technology working that is more efficient is a gas to energy plant, and uses the methane gas to excrete from the landfill as an alternative energy source. The methane gas is pipe out of the landfill and burned in the flare. The modern leachate collection and treatment systems to make sure leachate is secure eradicate from the landfill and properly treated to prevent contamination of round about environment. The modern landfill of today has custom design leachate control system, such as the environmental protection, local climate, leachate composition, and waste type. The modern landfill have the gas monitoring gas system is that is available to ensure landfill is functioning properly and the gas emission do not exceed the EPA regulation. The groundwater monitoring to ensure of the integrity of...

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