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Landbrug 1802 1900 Essay

280 words - 2 pages

Historie

Svingende Konjunkturer 1790-1835

• 1790 '' 1813: Prisen på fødevarer stiger
Fordel for Danmark indtil 1807 '' selv inddraget i Napoleonskrigene
• Norge og England indførte begrænsninger for landbrugsimport, for at beskytte eget.
• Kornpriser tidoblet på få år
• 3/5 gået over til selveje

Landbruget som økonomisk lokomotiv

• Begyndte at gå fremad fra 1830
• Prisstigning 1840 '' næsten fordoblet i forhold til 1830
• Landbrugsproduktion op med 60 %, værdi 3-doblet
• 1835-1875 '' Kornsalgsperioden
...view middle of the document...

århundredes transportrevolution '' jernbanen Kbh. '' Roskilde 1847
o Mange skinner lagt i hele Danmark, kamp om placering

Vækstproblemer

• Jorden udpint med tiden pga. kalk tilsætning (mergling)
• Løsning '' gødning
• Mejeriprodukter som bøndersmør ikke efterspurgt
• Levende kvæg svære at afsætte

Andelsperioden 1880’erne '' 1914

• Fra 1875 var kornsalgsperioden ved at være slut
• 1875-1889 | Planteprodukter faldt i pris med 24 %, husdyr med 14 %
• Sværere og sværere at eksportere husdyr
• 1880’erne '' forædlede landbrugsprodukter til smør, bacon m.m.
• Opfindelse '' centrifugen
• Kreaturhold betød mere kreaturgødning til markerne + nu også kunstgødning
• Landbruget ind i 20-års-periode '' produktionens værdi og mængde markant
• Husdyr krævede ikke meget plads, så mindre landbrugsejendomme fik mere velstand

Den gyldne periode (D.G.P)'' en konklusion

• D.G.P. resultat af efterspørgselsforhold '' internationale og hjemlige
• Befolkningstallet vokset meget '' i DK 3-dobling på 110 år ca.
• DK bybefolkning 6-dobling
• DK’s beliggenhed i forhold til England og tyskland = afgørende rolle
• 1914 kun 1/3 tilknyttet landbruget
• Godsejere havde overklassestilling - De tjente klart mest
• Mange nye redskaber

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