Lagos Inequalities Essay

5451 words - 22 pages

Lagos: the survival of the determined

Lagos is a city where near anarchy prevails rather than government. Lagosins respond to the chaos by relying on their own ingenuity to get by
It’s rush-hour near the stadium in Lagos where Nigeria has just lost a football match. Streams of young men run through the street to let off steam as crowds dive into the tangle of battered yellow minibuses. A dozen passengers pack into one bus, and the driver grinds into gear, lurching at full throttle to gain a six-inch lead over his competitor. The side-view mirror has to be pulled in for the bus to squeeze through. Girls balancing bags of water on their heads edge their way through the traffic to vend ...view middle of the document...

But to look upon Lagos simply as the archetypal urban nightmare is to miss the point. Lagos, as the economic, cultural and, until 1991, political powerhouse of mighty Nigeria, is, for all its faults, also a magnet pulling some 300,000 people every year. The streets aren’t all paved with concrete, let alone gold, but Lagos appears as an El Dorado in the poverty-stricken countryside where work can be found and dreams of the good life can come true. In reality, most find it a daily struggle to make ends meet, yet an iron-clad conviction that those dreams will materialize one day gives Lagos a vibrant beat. If you ask Lagosins about the glue that holds their city together they

On the Apapa-Oshodi Expressway, a typical traffic jam—locally known as a “go-slow”.

A town is like an animal. A town has a nervous system and a head and shoulders and feet. A town is a thing separate from all other towns, so that there are no two towns alike. And a town has a whole emotion.
John Steinbeck, American writer (1902-1968)


The State of Lagos spans 3,577 km2 which includes the metropolitan area of about 1,183 km2, of which only 728 km2 is dry land. A new governor and legislator were scheduled to take control from the military administration on May 29, 1999. The area is divided into 20 local government districts (whose leaders will also be elected) which have suffered from severe underfunding. Population The most recent census (1991) reported a population of 5.6 million. However, it is widely discredited because many of the city’s inhabitants returned to their villages of origin during the census. Experts generally estimate that the population ranges between 10 and 13 million, composed

speak of endurance. For some, it is a capacity to withstand suffering. This helps to explain the much talked-about boom in evangelism. “People are seeking spiritual solutions to their economic problems,” says Pastor Ebenezer Babajide, who opened his Jesus Generation Gospel Church last year in the annex of a nursery school. But there is a drive that goes beyond simply the will to survive. “In Nigeria, there is a spirit to aggressively pursue the good life,which you won’t find elsewhere on the continent,” says Felix Morka, executive director of the non-governmental Social and Economic Rights Action Centre. The oil boom beginning in the 1970s raised expectations for a better life which people managed to hang on to, even after the economy took a nose-dive in the 1980s and the World Bank’s structural adjustment policies made life more difficult. “It’s as if people are struggling to reverse the economic downturn as individuals,” says Morka. “Everyone wants capital to start their own business. This industriousness is very Nigerian but the struggle is even more fierce and stark in Lagos where there is such a concentration of pressures, resources and population.” Wheelbarrows rented out as beds Instead of exploding under pressure, Lagosins have pumped that much...

Other Papers Like Lagos Inequalities

Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study Conceptualization And Treatment Plan

2140 words - 9 pages Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Case Study of Sarah: A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan Rational emotive behavior therapy, REBT, was developed by Albert Ellis and holds the central belief that the events in our lives do not cause our disturbances but that they are instead caused by our view of the events (Murdock, 2009). Murdock (2009) states that “people are seen as responsible for their behavior” (p. 279) but, because they are

Holidays In Albania Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Have you ever thought about having exciting and incredibly cheap vacations? Albania might be the right choice. According to My Travel Guide, Albania is ranked the fourth among ten places worth visiting in Eastern Europe (“Top 10 Eastern European Destinations”). One can encounter three kinds of vacations in this Mediterranean country: winter, summer, and cultural. The ideal places to spend your winter vacations are the Albanian Alps. They are

A Heart Of Darkness

1748 words - 7 pages In this short story, there are frequent significant subject and ideas that make the story, "A Heart of Darkness," by Joseph Conrad, and haunting novel. The main theme is absolute white power over the natives. The theme validates the corruption, and the dependence caused by the white people as they took over the Congo. White men were giving all the power; they had no self-control, and in the end they did not use wisely. The white men became

The Aspects Of Vulnerability Among The Exploited In Medical Research

2287 words - 10 pages Essentially, everyone is in some state of vulnerability. However, some of us are more susceptible to harm due to our vulnerabilities. The susceptible are the individuals with the greatest risk. These individuals risk the loss of their autonomy, and maybe even their lives. Vulnerable populations can be found in every subset of society. However, as previously mentioned, there are some vulnerable populations that are at an even greater risk than

The Hitchhiker’S Guide To The Galaxy

1171 words - 5 pages The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy As the human race makes life-changing discoveries, it is made apparent that there is always more to learn as the universe, instead of becoming familiar, is becoming absurd. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, written by Douglas Adams, as well as the 2005 film adaption, portrays absurdity to be an all-encompassing system in the universe. Through the introduction and attempt to understand lack of reason, the

The Ford Motor Company Wage Increase Of 1914 And The Theory Of Incentives And Efficiency Wages

1252 words - 6 pages ‘It’s not the employer who pays the wages. Employers only handle the money. It is the customer who pays the wages’ (Henry Ford, cited in Johnson and Weinstein 2004, p. 2). When the Ford Motor Company announced that it would more than double the wages of its workers in January 1914 to a ‘five-dollar day’ minimum, was this a contradiction to Henry Ford’s statement? If customers are actually the ultimate payers of wages, then more than

Historical Analysis Of The Economical Breakthroughs Of The Industrial Revolution

1396 words - 6 pages A Historical Analysis of the Economical Breakthroughs of the Industrial Revolution During the Industrial Revolution, many elements of society experienced huge breakthroughs that would change the way they functioned forever. Economics were definitely one of them. With many new inventions and many factories appearing, many, many, more resources were being created than ever before. Also, all of the revenue from these resources was being given to

Leadership Portrayed in Monologue from Shakespeare’s Henry V

1214 words - 5 pages Leadership is defined as a socially constructed process and which also affect organizational future outcomes. Leader is someone at high position who have overall duty for an organization, she or he decide what to do and the way how to achieve it. (Carter and Greer, 2013)The role of leader is extremely important for an organization, leader use their own power to influence the followers though many different ways such as motivation in order to

Cuba Civil Rights

1906 words - 8 pages Picture a country that has limits on how much you can make random government imprisonments and more what do you do. That is the situation for the eleven million seventy-five thousand two hundred forty-four people of Cuba since the takeover of Fidel Castro. The US is opposed to Castro taking control of Cuba. Castro managed to ease the United States nerves when he said that Cuba was against all forms of communism. According to Lana Wylie the Union

US Freight System

1273 words - 6 pages General Environment Each American requires the movement of approximately 40 tons of freight per year across the freight network. This includes everything from shirts to lawn mower to orange juice. • As the U.S. population expands, the U.S. freight system will be called upon to meet the demands of a larger population • Between 2010 and 2035, the system will experience a 22 percent increase in the total amount of tonnage it moves • By 2050, with

Democratic Peace Theory

1852 words - 8 pages Intro: US Presidents have made it a goal during their term(s) in office to establish a good relationship with foreign countries and even try to improve upon existing connections with our allies. Some believe it is to prevent conflicts between the countries while others dispute that it is a threat assessment by the United States to pick and choose their friends and enemies. Preventing conflict between two democracies or countries that practice

Related Essays

Women Entrepreneurs Essay

3894 words - 16 pages observed to witness inequalities and to the household chores, income earning activities, discrimination against females. Okiyi (2005) for community participation, community management example emphasised that females are marginalized, roles and other areas of life cannot be overlooked. subjugated and discriminated against in the areas of Despite these, female youths’ access to power has decision making, the economy, politics, employment been

Renewable Energy Essay

3744 words - 15 pages the earth’s surface by the sun. The resultant force inequalities are always available at the annual rate of 4.0 m/s at the far northern region and 2.0 m/s at the coastal region of the country. Waste-to-energy Waste to energy is the process of heat or electricity generation from the incineration of waste sources. Most waste to energy processes direct electricity through combustible fuel or combustion, such as methanol, methane, synthetic

Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility. On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were

Hate Crime Laws Essay

2348 words - 10 pages On June 7, 1998, 49-year-old James Byrd Jr. of Texas accepted a ride from three white men, who then beat him severely, urinated on him, chained him by his ankles to the back of their pick-up truck, dragged him for three miles into the countryside, and dumped his corpse in front of an African-American cemetery (Graczyk). A little over a year later, a jury sentenced ring leader John King to death by lethal injection (“Man Executed for Dragging