Table of Contents
Introduction to Copenhagen Conference and Kyoto Protocol 2
ASEAN and Copenhagen Conference 3
Climate Change as an Issue 4
Sustainable Development 5
Impact of Kyoto Protocol on ASEAN 7
Challenges faced by ASEAN under Kyoto Protocol 9
Introduction to Copenhagen Conference and Kyoto Protocol
In 1992, countries coupled together for an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. However, by 1995, countries realized that provisions of emission reductions in the Convention were insufficient. Due to this reason, they launched negotiations to reinforce the global response to climate change. These ...view middle of the document...
The rich marine life and abundant mineral resources underground and underwater supports important economic activities in ASEAN. This includes oil exploration, commercial and small-scaled fisheries and most importantly tourism. Besides from providing water, food and energy, these natural resources also play a very significant part in sustaining a wide assortment of economic activities and livelihoods resources (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2013)
The strategic position of ASEAN has in addition brought about plentiful economic advantages to the region, predominantly through international shipping and foreign trade
The ASEAN Heads of State have been proactively leading ASEAN’s efforts to deal with climate change issues in the region and beyond. They have issued a declaration to the 2007 Bali UN Climate Change Conference that sets the two-year road map for the current negotiations. Moreover, on 24th October 2009, it issued a Joint Statement to the December 2009 Copenhagen UN Climate Change Conference where a fresh climate change agreement is expected to be concluded (Letchumanan, 2010).
ASEAN is extremely populated. The sum population in middle of 2008 was about 580 million that accounted for 8.7 percent of the world’s total population. The Bali Road Map was adopted at the 13th Conference of the Parties, also in the 3rd Meeting of the Parties in December 2007 which took place in the island of Bali in Indonesia. The Bali Road Map is inclusive of the Bali Action Plan that charts the course for a fresh negotiating process, which is designed to undertake climate change. The Bali Action Plan is categorized into five main categories namely shared vision, mitigation, adaptation, technology and financing. This produced the Copenhagen Accord (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2013).
Climate Change as an Issue
Climate change has become the most primarily challenging sustainable development concern of the twentieth first century. It is defining in the sense due to the fact that it now dictates the pace and nature of economic growth, social progress and development. Moreover, at the same time potentially becoming the utmost hazard to humanity.
ASEAN is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change due to the concentration of people and economic activities in the coastal areas, its rich biological diversity, resource-based economies, and the increased vulnerability of the people especially the poor (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2013)
The ASEAN Leaders have uttered their concern and obligation for ASEAN to play a positive part in addressing the climate change through their declarations in the Bali and Copenhagen Conferences that took place in 2007 and 2009 respectively. The leaders of ASEAN outlook the defense of the environment along with the sustainable utilization and management of natural resources as important to the long-term economic growth and social development...