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Korean Culture Essay

3926 words - 16 pages

건축물[편집]

한옥
한옥 (韓屋)은 전통 한국 건축 양식을 사용한 예전부터내려오는 방식의 집을 말한다. 조선집이라고도 하며, 양옥의 대칭어이다. 뒤로는 산을 등지고, 앞으로는 물을 마주하는 원칙을 지키는 것이 보통이다. 온돌이 있어 집을 데워 추운 겨울을 나고,대청 마루가 있어 여름을 시원하게 보낼 수 있다. 한국의 전통 건축양식은 다양한 왕조를 거치며 변해왔으나 현재 가장 많이 선호되는 양식은 조선왕조의 양식을 주로 따르며, 부분적으로 남북국 시대의 양식을 따르기도 한다. 한옥의 반대 개념으로 양옥을 ...view middle of the document...

혼례복
한복(韓服)은 한민족 고유의 옷으로, 북조선은 조선옷이라고 부른다. 한복의 역사는 우선 삼국 시대로 거슬러 올라간다. 삼국시대에는 대체로 유(저고리), 고(바지), 상(치마), 포(두루마기)를 중심으로 관모(모자), 대(허리띠), 화(신발)가 더해졌다 저고리가 엉덩이까지 내려올 만큼 길고, 바지의 통도 넓었으며 남성과 여성이 함께 입는 남녀 공용이었다. 남북국 시대에는 한국 고유의 포는 서민들이 주로 입었으며, 귀족들은 평상복으로만 입었다. 여성들의 새로운 옷으로는 반비(半臂)가 있었는데,주로 귀족들이 저고리 위에 덧입었다. 고려 시대에는 복식 구조가 크게 변했다. 특히 귀족층이나 지배층에서는 중국 옷을 그대로 받아들여 입고, 서민층에서는 우리 고유의 복식을 계승하여 입어 복식의 이중 구조가 나타났다. 조선 시대에는 우리 고유의 복식이 서민복으로 뿌리 깊게 이어졌다. 중기나 후기에 들어서면서 한층 단순해지고 띠 대신 고름을 매기 시작하였으며, 두루마기의 종류도 다양해졌다. 말기에는양반과 서민의 옷 사이에 큰 차이가 없어졌다. 특히 여자 저고리는 후기로 가면서 길이가 짧아져 오늘날과 거의 같은 모양이 되었다. 마고자를 입기 시작하였고 서양 문물의 영향으로 조끼를 입기 시작하였다. 일제 강점기 때에는 여자들의 저고리가 짧아져서 오늘에 이르게 되었다. 오늘날에는 일반적으로 한복을 명절이나 특수한 날에만 입게 되었으며,사람들이 편하게 입을 수 있는 생활 한복이 보급되기도 하였다. 청학동에서는 아직도 한복을 일상복으로 입고 있고, 국악고등학교, 민족사관고등학교에서 교복으로 입고 있다. 택견 무술에는 하얀 한복을 입는 것이 통례이며, 첫돌, 환갑, 칠순, 팔순 등의 일부 생일에는 생일을 맞은 사람이 입기도 한다.

음악[편집]
이 부분의 본문은 한국 음악입니다.

판소리 공연
한국 전통 음악 (韓國傳統音樂)은 한국에서 전통적으로 전해 내려오는 민요, 음악 등을 말한다. 최근에 만들어졌더라도 전통 음악의 기본적인 틀만 벗어나지 않는다면 일반적으로 한국 전통 음악의 범주에 포함한다. 한국에서는 '나라의 음악'이라는 뜻에서 국악(國樂)이라고도 부른다. 한국 전통 음악의 역사적 분류법은 악곡의 유래와 형식에 의한 구분법이다. 이 구분법 상에서 국악은 크게 아악, 당악, 향악으로 나뉜다. 아악은 중국 송나라에서 유래한 정악으로, 구체적으로는 고려 예종 11년 (1116년)에 수입된 '대성아악(大晟雅樂)'을 지칭한다. 고려 중기까지만 해도 널리 쓰였으나, 고려 후기에 쇠퇴하였다....

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