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Kommunikation Im Bewerbungsgespräch Essay

1436 words - 6 pages

Inhalt
1. 2. Einleitung .............................................................................................................................. 2 Die richtige Vorbereitung...................................................................................................... 2 2.1 2.2 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 1.4 4. 5. 6. 7. 4.1 Die Selbstanalyse .......................................................................................................... 2 Die Unternehmensrecherche........................................................................................ 2 „Erzählen Sie mal etwas über sich“............................................................................... 3 „Was sind Ihre ...view middle of the document...

Hinführend zum Thema wird vorab die mentale Vorbereitung aus Sicht des Bewerbers behandelt. Der Hauptteil umfasst eine Auswahl von häufig gestellten Fragen, die sich im Fragenrepertoire vieler, wenn auch nicht aller Unternehmen wiederfinden. Dabei war es mir wichtig, möglichst aus jedem zeitlichen Bereich des Vorstellungsgesprächs mindestens eine Frage zu bearbeiten. Es werden keine Musterantworten für die einzelnen Fragen angegeben, sondern lediglich inhaltliche Anreize vermittelt. Des Weiteren wird diese Arbeit das Verständnis von „Brainteaser-Fragen“ weiter vertiefen. Es folgen am Schluss Beispiele für klassische Bewerberfragen.

2. Die richtige Vorbereitung
Das Vorstellungsgespräch ist ein ergänzender Teilprozess des Bewerbungsverfahrens, bei dem es darauf ankommt, sich in einem persönlichen Gespräch überzeugend zu präsentieren. Die richtige Vorbereitung beginnt mit einer guten inhaltlichen Unternehmensrecherche und mentaler Selbstfindung. 1

2.1 Die Selbstanalyse
Ziel der Selbstanalyse ist es, ein eigenes Portfolio zu erstellen und dieses in einer persönlichen Verkaufsbotschaft zu formulieren. Dabei ist es wichtig, die eigenen Qualitäten und Charaktereigenschaften zu kennen. Viele Bewerbungsgespräche scheitern nicht an der fachlichen Kompetenz des Bewerbers, sondern an Inhalt und Art der Kommunikation während des Gespräches. 2

2.2 Die Unternehmensrecherche
Eine intensive Nachforschung über das Unternehmen ist zwingend notwendig, damit durch umfassendes Hintergrundwissen vermeintlich leichte Fragen wie „ Warum haben Sie sich gerade in unserem Unternehmen beworben?“ leichter beantwortet werden
1 2

Vgl. Neumaier, S. (2013). Das erfolgreiche Vorstellungsgespräch, S. 9 Vgl. Hesse, H. & Schrader, H. (2004). Handbuch Vorstellungsgespräch, S. 20-21

2

können. Mit Zugang zum Internet sollte die Recherche über die meisten Unternehmen allerdings kein Problem darstellen. 3

3. Klassische Fragen
Ein Bewerbungsgespräch ähnelt oftmals einer Art Rollenspiel, bei dem sowohl das Unternehmen, als auch der Bewerber versuchen, einen möglichst optimalen Eindruck zu hinterlassen. Keine der beiden Parteien hat dabei das Ziel, direkt beim Erstkontakt persönliche oder firmeninterne Eigenschaften mehr als nötig preiszugeben. 4 Je nach Art und Umfang der zu besetzenden Stelle kann sich das Gesprächsschema verändern, allerdings gibt es eine Reihe von Fragen, die immer wieder vorkommen und im Folgenden behandelt werden.

3.1 „Erzählen Sie mal etwas über sich“
Dieser sog. „Eisbrecher“ wird oftmals als Gesprächseinstieg genutzt. Es handelt sich hierbei um eine Erzählfrage, mit dem der Personaler den Bewerber in seiner aktuellen Lebenssituation abholen möchte. Inhalt der Antwort: Absicht ist es, einen optimalen Zeitpunkt der persönlichen Vita zu finden. Ereignisse wie der Einstieg ins Studium oder zentrale Punkte aus dem aktuellen Berufsleben sind von enormer Bedeutung. Dabei sollte immer beachtet werden, dass die persönlichen Antworten auf das Stellenprofil abgestimmt...

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