King County’s Community and Culture
The Effects on Obesity
The Oregon Territorial Legislature established King County of Washington State from a portion of Thurston County on December 22, 1852 after the Oregon Territorial Assembly (King County history quick facts, 2016). King County was first named after William Rufus King of Alabama, the vice president of Franklin Pierce; but in 2005, it was later renamed after Martin Luther King Jr. To the west of King County is Puget Sound, Cascade Mountains to the east, the Canadian border to the north and the Oregon border to the south. A magnificent 2126 square miles of land and 180.5 square miles of water surround it with natural ...view middle of the document...
com Inc., Wal-Mart Stores Inc., and the University of Washington. Top companies like Alaska Airlines, Amazon.com, Costco Wholesale, Microsoft, Nintendo, Nordstrom, Starbucks, and REI hold their head quarters in King County. The predicted job growth for the next ten-year is 41%. Unemployment is 4.3%, down from the U.S. average of 6.3%. Despite the job growth and population increased of 11.85%, King County’s cost of living is 43.2% higher than the U.S. average (American FactFinder - Community Facts, 2016). With all the positive changes to the city, there has still been a rise in homelessness, crime, poverty, and chronic disease in King County.
Assessment of Needs and Risks
Population Economic Status Assessment. King County has a population size of 1,931,249 residents with 850,932 households and an average household size of 2.39 people of which 27.1% had children under 18 years old living with them. There were 36.28% married with children and 13.04% who have children but are single. There is 50.97% married population and 49.03% single population. In the county, the age distribution was as follows: 6.2% were under 5 years old, 21.0% were under 18 years old, and 12.2% were older than age 65 with a median age of 37.1 years old (King County, Washington, 2016).
Fourteen percent of the King County populations are below the household poverty level. The people below the poverty level are 34.3% African American, 19.6% Asian, 22.3% Hispanic, 31% Native American, 9.9% Caucasian, and 28.4% other ethnic groups (King County, Washington, 2016). The percent of unemployment in King County is 4.3%, 35.6% of whom are below the poverty level. The per capita income for a household was $40,656 in 2014. In 2013, the mean contract rent for an apartment was $1,065, an estimated median house or condo was $376,200, and a mean monthly mortgage was $2111 (American FactFinder - Community Facts, 2016). There is an estimated 10,047 homeless people in King County, which is a 21% increase from last year. In 2005, there were a reported 8 murders, 125 rapes, 156 robberies, 374 assaults, 2666 burglaries, 5374 thefts, and 2136 auto thefts (Crime rates for Washington, 2016).
A dramatic demographic shift of poverty has been moving people from the inner city to suburban areas in the south side of King County, making poverty in suburban areas rise. This change has reflected an increasing prevalence of risk factors like obesity and heart disease in suburban cities.
Disaster Assessment and Planning Assessment. With its multitude of lush forests, calming oceans, and its sweeping seasons, King County can be one of the most stunning places to live; but like most areas, it is not immune to disasters. It can be a high-risk zone made vulnerable to earthquakes, landslides, winter storms, erosions, and flooding. Environmentally critical areas cover 8.4% of the city’s surface. An earthquake poses the greatest risk to King County due to its copious steep hills that...