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Kearifan Lokal Minahasa Essay

2186 words - 9 pages



Dalam kurun waktu tiga tahun terakhir Indonesia dilanda banyak bencana. Bencana alam yang terjadi karena fenomena alam yang datang secara tiba-tiba seringkali membuat kita merasa terpana. Banjir, tanah longsor, gempa, gunung meletus ataupun bencana yang dikarenakan oleh keserakahan manusia itu sendiri. Telah banyak harta, benda dan nyawa yang terenggut. Masih segar ingatan kita akan gempa yang disusul tsunami di Aceh dan Nias, tanah longsor di Sulawesi Selatan, banjir dan tanah longsor di Sulawesi Utara, gempa di Yogyakarta dan masih banyak lagi yang lainnya. Sehingga setelah semua ini terjadi, banyak daerah yang memerlukan ...view middle of the document...

Penulis yang juga merasa sebagai warga Sulawesi Utara merasa penting untuk memaparkan nilai Mapalus sebagai salah satu contoh kearifan lokal yang bisa diterapkan dalam proses pembangunan kembali tatanan sosial masyarakat setelah ditimpa bencana. Oleh karena itu, untuk membuktikannya penulis akan meneliti hal tersebut dan memaparkannya dalam karya tulis ilmiah ini.


Dengan melihat latar belakang yang telah dikemukakan, maka penulis memilih satu masalah pokok untuk dibahas secara mendalam, yaitu mengenai kearifan lokal dan pengaruhnya terhadap proses pembangunan kembali tatanan sosial masyarakat setelah ditimpa bencana. Untuk memperoleh gambaran yang lebih jelas mengenai topik yang diteliti , maka penulis merumuskan satu pertanyaan untuk dibahas sebagai permasalah utama dalam karya tulis ilmiah ini. Pertanyaannya adalah:
• Apakah penerapan nilai-nilai kearifan lokal memiliki pengaruh dalam membantu proses pembangunan kembali tatanan sosial masyarakat setelah ditimpa bencana?


Penelitian serta penulisan karya tulis ilmiah ini dilakukan dalam rangka mengikuti lomba karya tulis ilmiah “Penelitian Rekonstruksi Sosial Pasca Bencana Olimpiade Ilmu Sosial FISIP UI 2007” dan juga untuk memaparkan dan memperkenalkan salah satu kearifan lokal dari daerah Sulawesi Utara, yaitu “Mapalus” untuk diterapkan dalam proses rekonstruksi sosial pasca bencana.
Secara terperinci, tujuan dari penelitian dan penulisan karya tulis ilmiah ini adalah :
1. Mendeskripsikan makna sesungguhnya dari “Mapalus”.
2. Mengetahui nilai-nilai positif dari kearifan lokal “Mapalus” yang bisa diterapkan dalam proses pembangunan kembali tatanan sosial masyarakat setelah bencana.
3. Mengetahui apa saja manfaat dari penerapan nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam “Mapalus” dalam proses membangun kembali tatanan sosial masyarakat setelah tertimpa bencana.


Signifikansi penelitian dalam karya tulis ilmiah ini adalah penerapan nilai filosofis mapalus yang menonjolkan unsur kebersamaan, kekeluargaan, solidaritas, gotong royong dan kerja sama dalam proses pembangunan kembali tatanan sosial masyarakat setelah bencana tanpa melihat berbagai perbedaan yang ada, seperti latar belakang pendidikan, ekonomi, maupun kedudukan dan jabatan. Apabila nilai filosofis ini diterapkan, maka proses pembangunan kembali tatanan sosial masyarakat serta pemulihan kondisi para korban bencana akan berjalan lebih baik.


Untuk mencari data dan informasi yang diperlukan, penulis menggunakan metode observasi dan kepustakaan. Adapun teknik-teknik yang dipergunakan pada penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut:
1. Teknik Pengamatan Langsung
Pada teknik ini, penulis yang tinggal di dekat Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Tondano yang merupakan salah satu daerah rawan banjir di kota Manado, telah mengamati dan mengalami secara langsung bagaimana proses rekonstruksi sosial di daerah sekitar...

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