1.Well,in the fist paragraph simply elaborates what is human being,then tells the readers a particular causal history and the way people persist in are the conditions of existed people.Then,the writer defines what is personal identity and says that the causal chain would terminate a person.That means causally relevant spatial-temporal continuity is the decisive factor of personal identity.After that,the second paragraph presents a contrary point of view,that is,god can preserve and re-form a person, which leads the real issue of the article,the possibility of immortality.
2.Well,according to my understanding,the most important key terms are immortality,continuer and spatial-temporal ...view middle of the document...
(3)The author's question to Peter Van Inwagen is if the material kernel or core part of brain or central nervous system is physical, how can it be preserved through death and its accompanying decay or cremation?
(4)Inwagen responds that it is possible that we only seem to die.At the last moment before death God snatches away and preserves our core matter, substituting something that looks like it. To pull off this switch, God must act out of character and deceive, since no physician or embalmer has yet caught on about the true status of the deceased's remains.
4.(1)Kevin Corcoran was born in 1964.He is the professor of the Department of Philosophy,Calvin College in United States.His research is about the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, philosophy of religion.He has published two books:Soul, Body and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons and In Search of the Soul: Four Views of the Mind-Body Problem, Rethinking Human Nature: A Christian Materialist Alternative to the Soul.Soul, Body and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons is about how are soul and body related to one another? Are human beings immaterial souls, or complex physical organisms? The first book to connect the metaphysics of persons with the belief in life after death, thus intersecting with theological as well as philosophical inquiry, it blurs the divide between metaphysics and the philosophy of mind.
(2)In the article,Kevin Corcoran suggests that god causes the simple elements that compose the body, at the very last instant of an earthly life, to fission into spatially segregated sets of causally-related simple elements.One set becomes the corpse, while the other continues to exist in some other sphere.
(4)The author's questions to Kevin Corcoran are Which set is the real person: the corpse or the fission-produced person living in another space? How would one decide that one of these rather than the other is the person who had previously existed, since the respective composition of the two is the same. And if there is little reason to choose one rather than the other, how can persons conclude that they have survived their death rather than died? The continuer is contingently but not necessarily the same person, then two identical persons are occupying two different spaces, so that neither would be the same as the dying person?
(5)Corcoran’s response is that the person is the closest...