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Karl Marx, Redifing History Essay

1744 words - 7 pages

Karl Marx

Redefining History


Mr. Helden

Mark DeRoo

November 14/10

Karl Marx was a Prussian born Jew, son of a lawyer, who became one of the most influential philosophers of all time. When most philosophers saw other ideas and made them their own, Karl Marx went out, and made his own philosophy, that, still today, we marvel at. Karl Marx spelled out another way to look at history and to understand where we are going.

To understand Karl Marx's view of history, it helps to understand his life. As he said "The way people get their living determines their social outlook."(Marx) His childhood and education would be the biggest effects on his ideas, but every his work ...view middle of the document...

This would make Christianity seem more like a tool too the young Karl, used by upper classes to influence the thoughts of people.

After this, he enrolled into Bonn University, studying law, as his father had wanted. He would learn the basics of law, but, he was more interested in philosophy and literature. He wasn't a very good student, studying very little, while partying and drinking up large debts. His father then had him transferred to the university of Berlin. It was at Berlin that he first encountered Hegel and first hated it. He did though, slowly accept their ideas. The Hegelian's were atheist and spoke of political action. He submitted a doctoral dissertation after his studies started lagging, and received his degree in April of 1841.

The next year, he became an editor for Rheinische Zeitung, a Prussian paper, and wrote editorials on social and economic issues, including the phenomenon of communism. Hegelian ideals weren't useful, and under suspicions of being too outspoken, and Marx left and moved to Paris where he co-edited the Deutsch-französische Jahrbücher (“German-French Yearbooks”). It was in Paris that Karl was first associated with communist societies. He met and befriended Friedrich Engels, a contributor to the paper, and a future collaborator. The Prussian government soon became involved and had Marx expelled to Brussels and Engels soon after.

In Brussels, they came closer together, writing Die heilige Familie (1845; The Holy Family), and Die deutsche Ideologie (written 1845–46, published 1932; The German Ideology) which criticized Hegelian ideals and promoted their materialistic concept of history. In June of 1847, they were approached by a secret society and commissioned to write a political program for them, the Communist Manifesto.

All of Marx work stayed consistent. His theory of history, complexly stated, had a few main points. In this theory, he interpreted the past in a new way, and also predicted the future. Basically, it is the proletarian taking control from the bourgeoisie, just as the bourgeoisie had taken it from the aristocrats. Each group being an economically distinct class, making the class struggle one defined by economics.

As Karl Marx's Das Kapital systematical tries to understand the history of the Industrial Revolution, creates a new way too look at history. He writes without any morals, conscience or principles for during the revolution, and is lacks a plan for after victory. Marx hate for the bourgeoisie drive him to hate every idea or philosophy of theirs: natural rights romanticism, emotionalism, sentimentalism and humanitarianism of any kind. He would have no compromise with anything that was associated with the current order, utilitarians or liberals, because they would inevitably relight the class struggle. He says that socialism doesn't compromise, its all or nothing. He didn't like the idealistic feelings of his audience, never referring the moral progress, eternal justice,...

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