Karl Marx And Marx Weber Essay

1359 words - 6 pages

Karl Marx and Marx Weber The latter part of the nineteenth century was teeming with evolved
social and economical ideas. These views of the social structure of
industrial society came about through the development of ideals taken
from past revolutions such as the Industrial Revolution which steamed
ahead paving the way for growing commerce, and widened the gap between
the classes. The development of a capitalist society was a very
favorable goal in the eyes of the bourgeoisie. But it had negative
implications on was the working-class and the proletarians who were
exploited a ...view middle of the document...

Weber was elected to the Soviet where he
met Kurt Eisner, its leader. Eisner was a creative and innovative man
who seemed to know what to do when no one else did. Weber considered
him an archetype of the charismatic leader and wrote his theories
under his silhouette. Weber's primary works include The Protestant
Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.

Weber can be said to agree with Marx concerning the alienation of the
individual in Industrial Society. For Weber this centers around the
'rationalization' of the West due to the spread of bureaucracy.
Weber's belief was that Industrial Societies inevitable trend was to
more and more rationalization. Thus he was certain bureaucracies were
the most efficient and most rational known means of exercising
authority over human beings. Offices are ranked in a hierarchical
order and their operations are characterized by impersonal rules also
appointments are made according to specialized qualifications.
Therefore bureaucracies were thought to be reliable, precise and
stable. Bureaucracies were also based on legitimate authority, in that
it functioned either on the basis of procedures that could be altered
or through a system of rules and regulations. But Weberian
bureaucracies faced the problem of control and enforcing powers thus
they did not appear to be unambiguously effective. 'The only thing
that saves us from bureaucracy is inefficiency. An efficient
bureaucracy is the greatest threat to liberty.'(Eugene McCarthy
gjgjgjhg) Weber argued that the bureaucratization of the modern world
has led to its depersonalization which he felt would result in the
'iron cage' of a totally administered society, where impersonal
relationships replaced personal relationships, through making all
activity - work and leisure - one of control and exchange. Further
bureaucratization and rationalization seemed to Weber an almost
inescapable fate.

Alienation on the same grounds is a subjective feeling, a feeling of
individual powerlessness and detachment from self. In the 'Paris
Manuscripts' (1844) Marx outlines four key forms of alienation,
firstly, that the worker in the capitalist system has lost control of
his labour, secondly, through the division of labour, thirdly, man is
alienated because his work relationships with his co-workers is not
one of natural human unity and fourthly, the worker is denied his true
nature through the lack of self expression in his work. Marx's works
have been fight against alienation to bring into being his essential
political belief that communism is the true nature of humankind; his
work is an attempt to battle the ideological superstructure of
Capitalism and so he is fighting to relieve false consciousness.
Exploitative relationships and false consciousness generated by
alienation, made the worker feel like a commodity and...

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