The K12 Program of Education
This writer adheres to the concept of increasing the cycle of education in both public and private schools by an additional three (3) years ostensibly aimed at improving the quality of education, especially in the public schools, but of course not without any qualifications. It is my honest opinion that the additional three-year period should be apportioned between the elementary and the high school levels.
Before, the regular curriculum in the elementary starts from grade one and ends at grade six. However, particularly in almost all private schools students are required to undergo kindergarten or preparatory level as a prerequisite for admission to grade one. Undeniably, the extra year of preparation better equipped the pupils to handle the ...view middle of the document...
On the other hand, education in public schools is chiefly subsidized by the government, thus the underprivileged parents will not be unnecessarily hampered as well.
With respect to the high school, the government is of the view that four years of high school instruction has now become inadequate to better prepare the student for college life, especially with the inexorable increase in vital facts and information that need to be assimilated. Hence, the existing set-up was modified to include four years of Junior High School and two years of Senior High School.
Thus, the K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skill, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship.
In Kindergarten, students learn the alphabet, numbers, shapes, and colors through games, songs, and dances.
Subjects are taught from the simplest concepts to more complicated concepts through grade levels in spiral progression. As early as elementary, students gain knowledge in areas such as Biology, Geometry, Earth Science, Chemistry, and Algebra.
For example, currently in High School, Biology is taught in 2nd Year, Chemistry in 3rd Year, and Physics in 4th Year. In the K12 Program, these subjects are connected and integrated from Grades 7 to 10. This same method is used in other learning areas like Math.
Senior High School is two years of specialized upper secondary education; students may choose a career track based on aptitude, interests, and school capacity. The choice of career track will define the content of the subjects a student will take in Grades 11 and 12. These subjects fall under either the Core Curriculum or specific Career Pathways.