December 8th, 2014
For some youth , adolescence presents challenges beyond acne and high school crushes. Youth who become involved in the court system, either by spending time in the court system, either by spending time in juvenile detention facilities or by participating in risky behavior, require services unique to their situation. According to "Juvenile Defense Lawyer" (2014), "If your child is arrested, there is no right to bond in juvenile law cases in the State of Texas. Technically, your child temporarily becomes a ward of the state and is not considered to be in custody. After your child is detained ...view middle of the document...
Many minorities, some lawyers and a few judges hold similar perceptions about the treatment of minority litigants. These general perceptions, however are not necessarily shared by all persons working in the courts. In 1998 there was a record breaking number of juveniles being charged with violent crimes, an estimated 7100 juvenile defendants were charged with felonies in adult criminal court. According to "Bureau Of Justice Statistics" (2014), " In criminal courts in these 40 counties, juveniles (64%) were more likely than adults (24%) to be charged with a violent felony. These juvenile defendants were generally treated as serious offenders, as 52% did not receive pretrial release, 63% were convicted of a felony, and 43% of those convicted received a prison sentence. States have expanded the mechanisms by which juveniles can be charged in criminal courts. In 1998, statutory exclusion was the most common method (42%) used to charge juveniles defendants compared to the more traditional use of juvenile waiver (24%). About two thirds (66%) of the juvenile felony defendants in the 40 large counties were convicted, either of a felony or a misdemeanor. Of those convicted, 64% were sentenced to jail or prison as the most serious penalty. The average prison sentence received was 90 months. In the 40 counties in 1998, 62% of the juvenile felony defendants were black, 20% were white, 16% were Hispanic, and almost 2% were of another race.”
There are three crimes that are notable exceptions, and one ethnicity is shown to be the predominant offenders in those cases. The major decripency are more of gender than of race. As time has gone on...